Hindbrain neurons as an essential hub in the neuroanatomically distributed control of energy balance.

  title={Hindbrain neurons as an essential hub in the neuroanatomically distributed control of energy balance.},
  author={Harvey J. Grill and Matthew R Hayes},
  journal={Cell metabolism},
  volume={16 3},
This Review highlights the processing and integration performed by hindbrain nuclei, focusing on the inputs received by nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) neurons. These inputs include vagally mediated gastrointestinal satiation signals, blood-borne energy-related hormonal and nutrient signals, and descending neural signals from the forebrain. We propose that NTS (and hindbrain neurons, more broadly) integrate these multiple energy status signals and issue-output commands controlling the… CONTINUE READING
Recent Discussions
This paper has been referenced on Twitter 4 times over the past 90 days. VIEW TWEETS
97 Citations
170 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 97 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 170 references

Evidence for the role of hindbrain orexin-1 receptors in the control of meal size

  • D. L. Williams
  • Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 301…
  • 2011
Highly Influential
4 Excerpts

tractus solitarius of the rat: in vitro study

  • T. H. Moran
  • Brain Res
  • 2006
Highly Influential
6 Excerpts

sites in nucleus ambiguus and nucleus tractus solitarius

  • E. E. Coons, M. Levak, N. E. Miller
  • Brain Res
  • 1965
Highly Influential
4 Excerpts

Distinguished Lectureship of the APS Neural Control and Autonomic Regulation Section: Central neural pathways for thermoregulatory cold defense

  • S. F. Morrison
  • J. Appl. Physiol
  • 2011
Highly Influential
10 Excerpts

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…