Hikikomori : Multidimensional understanding, assessment, and future international perspectives

@article{Kato2019HikikomoriM,
  title={Hikikomori : Multidimensional understanding, assessment, and future international perspectives},
  author={Takahiro A. Kato and Shigenobu Kanba and Alan Robert Teo},
  journal={Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences},
  year={2019},
  volume={73}
}
Hikikomori, a severe form of social withdrawal, has long been observed in Japan mainly among youth and adolescents since around the 1970s, and has been especially highlighted since the late 1990s. Moreover, hikikomori‐like cases have recently been reported in many other countries. Hikikomori negatively influences not only the individual's mental health and social participation, but also wider education and workforce stability, and as such is a novel urgent global issue. In this review, we… 

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Introduction: Hikikomori is a Japanese term etymologically derived from ‘hiku’ (i.e. ‘to pull back’) and ‘komoru’ (i.e. ‘seclude oneself’), which identifies those subjects who deliberately withdraw

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Hikikomori refers to a state of prolonged social withdrawal for 6 months or longer in adolescents and young adults. Marked by social isolation in one’s home, it may result in functional impairment,

Preliminary study of the social withdrawal (hikikomori) spectrum in French adolescents: focusing on the differences in pathology and related factors compared with Japanese adolescents

Background Social withdrawal (hikikomori) has become an internationally recognized phenomenon, but its pathology and related factors are not yet fully known. We previously conducted a statistical

Social Withdrawal (Hikikomori) Conditions in China: A Cross-Sectional Online Survey

Objective A form of pathological social withdrawal which is also called hikikomori has been proved its existence in China. But the prevalence and characteristics of hikikomori in China remain

Reliability and Validation of Turkish Version of the 25-item Hikikomori Questionnaire

It has been seen that HQ-25 might be safely used in academic studies and clinical practice to assess social isolation and is a new potential self-report instrument that might help assessment social isolation.

Hikikomori from the Perspective of Overuse, Underuse, and Optimal Use of Character Strengths: Case Reports

Hikikomori, or social withdrawal youth has become one of the most pressing social issues in Japan and this phenomenon is increasing in other countries as well. While there is a movement to

The ‘Hikikomori’ syndrome: worldwide prevalence and co-occurring major psychiatric disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol

A systematic review and meta-analysis protocol summarising worldwide prevalence of the ‘Hikikomori’ syndrome in general population and clinical samples with psychiatric disorders and which psychiatric disorders listed in the classification systems are most frequently associated with this psychological condition affecting young people is described.

Understanding the experiences of hikikomori through the lens of the CHIME framework: connectedness, hope and optimism, identity, meaning in life, and empowerment; systematic review

The psychosocial recovery framework of Connectedness, Hope and Optimism, Identity, Meaning in Life, and Empowerment (CHIME) towards hikikomori care was reviewed and it was suggested that the CHIME framework is applicable after modifying a specific dimension—‘ meaning of mental illness experiences’ into ‘meaning of the hikkomori experience’.
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