Highly endemic hepatitis B infection in rural Vietnam

@article{Nguyen2007HighlyEH,
  title={Highly endemic hepatitis B infection in rural Vietnam},
  author={Van Thi Thuy Nguyen and Mary-Louise McLaws and Gregory J. Dore},
  journal={Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology},
  year={2007},
  volume={22}
}
Background and Aim:  Hepatitis B is a major public health problem in Vietnam; however, estimates of the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis delta virus (HDV), and risk factors in rural Vietnam are limited. The aim of this study was to determine HBV and HDV prevalence, and identify risk factors for HBV infection. 
High prevalences of hepatitis B and C virus infections among adults living in Binh Thuan province, Vietnam
  • S. Do, H. Yamada, J. Tanaka
  • Medicine, Biology
    Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
  • 2015
TLDR
Investigation of prevalences of HBV and HCV infections among adults living in Binh Thuan, Vietnam found high prevalence of these viruses among adults is mostly attributed to hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infections.
An enormous hepatitis B virus‐related liver disease burden projected in Vietnam by 2025
  • V. T. Nguyen, M. Law, G. Dore
  • Medicine, Biology
    Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
  • 2008
TLDR
This study aimed to estimate and project chronic HBV prevalence and HBV‐related liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma for the period 1990–2025.
Hepatitis B Infection in Vietnam
  • V. T. Nguyen
  • Medicine, Biology
    Asia-Pacific journal of public health
  • 2012
TLDR
Hepatitis B virus-related liver disease will continue to create a heavy burden for public health in Vietnam in the next several decades unless appropriate interventions are undertaken urgently, and establishment of a national strategy for HBV prevention and control is crucial.
Epidemiology of hepatitis D.
TLDR
Hepatitis D continues to ravage populations of developing and poor countries where HBV remains unchecked; action is needed to enforce HBV vaccination as effective prophylaxis not only against HBV, but against HDV as well.
Prevalence of Hepatitis B in Insular Regions of Southeast China: A Community-Based Study
TLDR
The HBV prevalence and potential for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma remained high in insular regions of southeast China, and are far above the national figures.
Epidemiology of Hepatitis B and C Virus Infections and Liver Cancer in Vietnam
  • Son Huy Do
  • Medicine, Biology
    Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology
  • 2015
Vietnam has been a highly endemic country of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections with high hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) rate (8.8-19.0%) and high anti-HCV rate
Estimates and projections of hepatitis B‐related hepatocellular carcinoma in Australia among people born in Asia‐Pacific countries
TLDR
This study estimates immigration‐related chronic HBV cases, chronicHBV prevalence, and HBV‐related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from 1960 to 2005 and projects HBV-related HCC to 2025 in Australia among people born in the APR.
Prevalence of hepatitis B in the southeast of China: a population-based study with a large sample size
TLDR
Borderline intermediate/high endemicity was found among adults in the northern region of Zhejiang Province and the vaccination program has contributed to a reduction in infection over the last 20 years, although further efforts are required to turn the region into a ‘low-endemicity’ area.
Hepatitis B Virus: Asian Perspective
  • W. Seto, M. Yuen
  • Medicine, Biology
    Clinical Epidemiology of Chronic Liver Diseases
  • 2018
TLDR
Seroprevalence of antibody to the hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) is gaining epidemiological significance due to the risk of HBV reactivation during high-risk immunosuppressive therapy, and nucleoside analogue coverage could be improved among the elderly age groups.
Changing epidemiology of liver disease in Asia: Dual infection of HBV and HCV
  • Chun-Jen Liu, Pei-Jer Chen
  • Medicine, Biology
    Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
  • 2021
TLDR
The changing prevalence of dual HBV/HCV infection in certain Asia‐Pacific countries will be re‐visited based on endemicity of HBV or HCV, as well as in populations at risk of parenteral viral infection.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 60 REFERENCES
Prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infection in the general population and selected groups in South-Western Greece
TLDR
Male sex, old age and intrafamiliar exposure are found as the major independent risk factors of HBV transmission, while sexual contact, absence of condom prophylaxis and living in rural areas seem to have also a significant impact for HBV infection.
Hepatitis B infection in rural Vietnam and the implications for a national program of infant immunization.
TLDR
The epidemiology of HBV in Vietnam resembles that of many southeast Asian nations before introduction of vaccine, and immunization of newborns will have enormous impact on HBV-related morbidity and mortality there.
Comparison of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus prevalence and risk factors in a community-based study.
TLDR
Infection was found to be inversely related to educational level and to be directly related to the frequency of the receipt of parenteral injection for medical purposes, and risk factors for HBsAg(+) and anti-HCV(+) were different in these Taiwanese communities.
Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection and related risk factors in a rural community of Mexico.
TLDR
To lower HBV transmission rate, an adequate active screening program for blood donors should be implemented, together with a universal infant immunization program.
Vaccination against hepatitis B: Current challenges for Asian countries and future directions
  • A. Safary, J. Beck
  • Medicine, Chemistry
    Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology
  • 2000
Aims : To review the current status of hepatitis B immunization programmes as well as future issues concerning hepatitis B immunization in Asian countries.
The epidemiology of hepatitis B virus among family members in the Middle East.
TLDR
Residents of three remote villages and urban areas of Jordan were assessed for seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and HBV infection, finding postnatal early childhood transmission through contact among children of poorer and larger families probably accounts for the high endemicity of HBV in this region.
Hepatitis delta virus infection in southern Taiwan.
  • D. Tai, Y. Liaw
  • Medicine, Biology
    Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases
  • 1989
TLDR
It is confirmed that the prevalence of HDV infection is low in asymptomatic carriers, acute type B hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma, but significantly higher in patients with chronic active liver disease.
Prevalence of hepatitis virus types B through E and genotypic distribution of HBV and HCV in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  • H. Tran, H. Ushijima, K. Abe
  • Medicine, Biology
    Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
  • 2003
Chronic hepatitis B virus infection in Asian countries
TLDR
Patients who clear H beAg have a better prognosis than patients who remain HBeAg‐positive for prolonged periods of time, and the best strategy for decreasing the incidence of hepatitis B‐associated cirrhosis and HCC is vaccination.
Seroepidemiology of hepatitis B and delta virus infections in Bangladesh.
TLDR
The data suggest that Bangladesh is of moderate endemicity for HBV infection, and has relatively high rates of co-infection with HDV, which could fit readily within the existing EPI schedule.
...
...