Highly efficient and concise synthesis of both antipodes of SB204900, clausenamide, neoclausenamide, homoclausenamide and zeta-clausenamide. Implication of biosynthetic pathways of Clausena alkaloids.

Abstract

The synthesis of both antipodes of N-methyl-N-[(Z)-styryl]-3-phenyloxirane-2-carboxamide (SB204900), clausenamide, neoclausenamide, homoclausenamide and zeta-clausenamide have been accomplished using (2S,3R)- and (2R,3S)-3-phenyloxirane-2-carboxamides as the starting materials, and SB204900 was found to be a common precursor to other N-heterocyclic clausena alkaloids. Mediated by Brønsted acids under different conditions, for example, SB204900 underwent efficient and diverse alkene-epoxide cyclization, enamide-epoxide cyclization and arene-epoxide cyclization reactions to produce the five-membered N-heterocyclic neoclausenamide, its 6-epimer, the six-membered N-heterocyclic homoclausenamide and the eight-membered N-heterocyclic zeta-clausenamide, respectively, in good to excellent yields. Regiospecific oxidation of neoclausenamide and its 6-epimer afforded neoclausenamidone. Enolization of neoclausenamidone in the presence of LiOH and the subsequent protonation under kinetic conditions at -78 degrees C led to the epimerization of neoclausenamidone into clausenamidone. Reduction of clausenamidone using NaBH(4) furnished clausenamide in high yield.

DOI: 10.1039/b901965k

Cite this paper

@article{Yang2009HighlyEA, title={Highly efficient and concise synthesis of both antipodes of SB204900, clausenamide, neoclausenamide, homoclausenamide and zeta-clausenamide. Implication of biosynthetic pathways of Clausena alkaloids.}, author={Luo Yang and De-Xian Wang and Qi-Yu Zheng and Jie Pan and Zhi-Tang Huang and Mei-Xiang Wang}, journal={Organic & biomolecular chemistry}, year={2009}, volume={7 12}, pages={2628-34} }