Highly divergent mitochondrion-related organelles in anaerobic parasitic protozoa.

@article{Makiuchi2014HighlyDM,
  title={Highly divergent mitochondrion-related organelles in anaerobic parasitic protozoa.},
  author={Takashi Makiuchi and Tomoyoshi Nozaki},
  journal={Biochimie},
  year={2014},
  volume={100},
  pages={3-17}
}
The mitochondria have arisen as a consequence of endosymbiosis of an ancestral α-proteobacterium with a methane-producing archae. The main function of the canonical aerobic mitochondria include ATP generation via oxidative phosphorylation, heme and phospholipid synthesis, calcium homeostasis, programmed cell death, and the formation of iron-sulfur clusters. Under oxygen-restricted conditions, the mitochondrion has often undergone remarkable reductive alterations of its content and function… CONTINUE READING