Highly conductive anion exchange membrane for high power density fuel-cell performance.

Abstract

Anion exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFCs) are regarded as a new generation of fuel cell technology that has the potential to overcome many obstacles of the mainstream proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) in cost, catalyst stability, efficiency, and system size. However, the low ionic conductivity and poor thermal stability of current anion exchange membranes (AEMs) have been the key factors limiting the performance of AEMFCs. In this study, an AEM made of styrenic diblock copolymer with a quaternary ammonium-functionalized hydrophilic block and a cross-linkable hydrophobic block and possessing bicontinuous phases of a hydrophobic network and hydrophilic conduction paths was found to have high ionic conductivity at 98 mS cm(-1) and controlled membrane swelling with water uptake at 117 wt % at 22 °C. Membrane characterizations and fuel cell tests of the new AEM were carried out together with a commercial AEM, Tokuyama A201, for comparison. The high ionic conductivity and water permeability of the new membrane reported in this study is attributed to the reduced torturosity of the ionic conduction paths, while the hydrophobic network maintains the membrane mechanical integrity, preventing excessive water uptake.

DOI: 10.1021/am503870g

4 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Ren2014HighlyCA, title={Highly conductive anion exchange membrane for high power density fuel-cell performance.}, author={Xiaoming Ren and Samuel C Price and Aaron C. Jackson and Natalie Pomerantz and Frederick L. Beyer}, journal={ACS applied materials & interfaces}, year={2014}, volume={6 16}, pages={13330-3} }