Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1) in Frozen Duck Carcasses, Germany, 2007

@article{Harder2009HighlyPA,
  title={Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1) in Frozen Duck Carcasses, Germany, 2007},
  author={Timm C Harder and J{\"u}rgen Teuffert and Elke Starick and Joern Gethmann and Christian Dr.med.vet. Grund and Sasan R. Fereidouni and Markus A. Durban and Karl-Heinz Bogner and Antonie Neubauer-Juric and Reinhard Repper and Andreas Hlinak and Andreas Engelhardt and Axel N{\"o}ckler and Krzysztof Śmietanka and Zenon Minta and Matthias Richard Kramer and Anja Globig and Thomas C Mettenleiter and Franz Josef Conraths and Martin Beer},
  journal={Emerging Infectious Diseases},
  year={2009},
  volume={15},
  pages={272 - 279}
}
We conducted phylogenetic and epidemiologic analyses to determine sources of outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV), subtype H5N1, in poultry holdings in 2007 in Germany, and a suspected incursion of HPAIV into the food chain through contaminated deep-frozen duck carcasses. In summer 2007, HPAIV (H5N1) outbreaks in 3 poultry holdings in Germany were temporally, spatially, and phylogenetically linked to outbreaks in wild aquatic birds. Detection of HPAIV (H5N1) in frozen… CONTINUE READING

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