Highlights from integral: Two years in orbit

  title={Highlights from integral: Two years in orbit},
  author={C. Winkler},
  journal={Space Research Today},
  • C. Winkler
  • Published 2005
  • Physics
  • Space Research Today
he International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory Integral (Winkler et al. 2003) was launched on 17 October 2002 at 0441 UTC from Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakhstan). The four-stage Proton launch vehicle injected the spacecraft into its 72-hour orbit with utmost precision. The initial orbital parameters are perigee height: 9000 km; apogee height: 154 000 km; inclination: 52.2o. After a nominal commissioning phase, science observations began on 30 December 2002. Integral carries two main gamma-ray… Expand
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