Higher-order evidence and the limits of defeat

@article{LasonenAarnio2014HigherorderEA,
  title={Higher-order evidence and the limits of defeat},
  author={Maria Lasonen-Aarnio},
  journal={Philosophy and Phenomenological Research},
  year={2014},
  volume={88},
  pages={314-345}
}
Recent authors have drawn attention to a kind of defeating evidence commonly referred to as higher-order evidence. Such evidence works by inducing doubts that one’s doxastic state is the result of a flawed process —for instance, a process brought about by a reason-distorting drug. I argue that accommodating defeat by higher-order evidence requires a two-tiered theory of justification, and that the phenomenon gives rise to a puzzle. The puzzle is that at least in some situations involving higher… Expand
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