Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data.

  title={Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data.},
  author={Carlos Pe{\~n}a and Niklas Wahlberg and Elisabet Weingartner and Ullasa Kodandaramaiah and S{\"o}ren Nylin and Andr{\'e} Victor Lucci Freitas and Andrew V Z Brower},
  journal={Molecular phylogenetics and evolution},
  volume={40 1},
We have inferred the first empirically supported hypothesis of relationships for the cosmopolitan butterfly subfamily Satyrinae. We used 3090 base pairs of DNA from the mitochondrial gene COI and the nuclear genes EF-1alpha and wingless for 165 Satyrinae taxa representing 4 tribes and 15 subtribes, and 26 outgroups, in order to test the monophyly of the subfamily and elucidate phylogenetic relationships of its major lineages. In a combined analysis, the three gene regions supported an almost… CONTINUE READING
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