Higher cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of burning incense than cigarette

  title={Higher cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of burning incense than cigarette},
  author={Rong Zhou and Qun An and X. W. Pan and Bo Yang and J. Hu and Yonghua Wang},
  journal={Environmental Chemistry Letters},
Hazardous particulates and volatiles produced by incense burning accumulate in the indoor atmosphere, where they pose a health risk, entering the human body via the respiratory system. Yet, few studies have focused on the effects of the total particulate matter from incense burning on human health. Here, we evaluate the health risks associated with the total particulate matter generated from burning incense indoors for the first time. The total particulate matter and major chemical components… 
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Agarwood is used as incense around the world. Natural agarwood being in short supply, cultivated agarwood is now produced in many countries, especially in China. Burning agarwood emits fine
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This study recommended preventive measures to human respiratory ailments from smoldering incense in residents in relation to the frequency of burning incense, prolonged smoke exposure, and the impact of burners although, earlier beneficial effects of incense were evidenced.
Incense powder and particle emission characteristics during and after burning incense in an unventilated room setting
Despite being a recognized health hazard, burning incense remains in widespread use. A number of studies have investigated the emissions of air pollulants from incense burning, but less attention has
Human health-risk assessment based on chronic exposure to the carbonyl compounds and metals emitted by burning incense at temples
Health effects resulting from the smoke of carbonyl compounds and metal-containing incense particles at temples during incense burning periods were evaluated at temple A and B and revealed that the risk values of metals and carbonyls were above recommended guidelines.
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Role of indoor aerosols for COVID-19 viral transmission: a review
It is found that tobacco smoking, cooking, vacuum cleaning, laser printing, burning candles, mosquito coils and incenses generate large quantities of particles, mostly in the ultrafine range below 100 nm, which stay airborne, are deposited in the deeper regions of human airways and are difficult to be removed by the respiratory system.
Indoor air pollution caused by combustion is a common problem in low-and middle-income countries which negatively affects human health. In Asian countries, burning incense in temples, pagodas, or
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This work is a comprehensive review that covers the latest findings regarding the adverse impact of incense smoke on the authors' health, providing a panoramic visualization ranging from mechanisms to implications.


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Mortality increased in association with level of ambient air pollution after adjustment for season, influenza epidemics, day of week, and weather, and in two-pollutant models, associations of ultrafine and fine particles seemed to be largely independent of each other, and the risk was enhanced if both were considered at the same time.
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Ambient formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acetone are harmful air pollutants with potential carcinogenic effects on human health. They are considered as important photochemical products from
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