High transvalvular pressure gradients on intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography after aortic valve replacement: what does it mean?

Abstract

Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography is now used routinely during aortic valve replacement, allowing immediate evaluation of replaced or repaired valves. It is well recognised that high transvalvular pressure gradients can be detected immediately after implantation of a prosthetic aortic valve which may be due to multifactorial confounding variables, including functional phenomena, pressure recovery and prosthesis-patient mismatch. This review article explores the variety of methods available for assessing prosthetic aortic valve function and considers causative factors which may contribute to high transvalvular gradients in an attempt to determine whether a physical problem with the valve exists, or whether the valve is functioning normally.

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@inproceedings{Parnell2009HighTP, title={High transvalvular pressure gradients on intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography after aortic valve replacement: what does it mean?}, author={A Parnell and J Swanevelder}, booktitle={HSR proceedings in intensive care & cardiovascular anesthesia}, year={2009} }