High-temperature behavior of a Pd-Ag alloy for porcelain.

@article{Mackert1983HightemperatureBO,
  title={High-temperature behavior of a Pd-Ag alloy for porcelain.},
  author={J Rodway Mackert and R D Ringle and Christina Fairhurst},
  journal={Journal of dental research},
  year={1983},
  volume={62 12},
  pages={1229-35}
}
The mechanism of formation of nodular material on the surface of a Pd-Ag-based alloy for porcelain during pre-porcelainization heat treatment was investigated using scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, quantitative metallography, and Auger electron spectroscopy. The nodules were found to form by a Nabarro-Herring creep mechanism driven by the internal oxidation of tin and indium. Implications of this process with regard to porcelain bonding and discoloration are discussed.