High seroprevalence of Borna virus infection in schizophrenic patients, family members and mental health workers in Taiwan

@article{Chen1999HighSO,
  title={High seroprevalence of Borna virus infection in schizophrenic patients, family members and mental health workers in Taiwan},
  author={C.-H. Chen and Y-L Chiu and F. Wei and F. Koong and H.-C. Liu and C. Shaw and H. Hwu and K. Hsiao},
  journal={Molecular Psychiatry},
  year={1999},
  volume={4},
  pages={33-38}
}
Borna disease virus (BDV), a negative-strand RNA virus, has been reported to be associated with severe psychiatric disorders. The association is mainly based on the findings that patients with schizophrenia and depression have a higher seroprevalence rate of BDV-specific antibodies than controls. In addition, psychiatric patients were also found to have a higher detection rate of BDV transcripts in their blood than controls. By using an improved Western blot analysis, we first demonstrated that… Expand
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Borna disease virus and infection in humans.
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Serological and molecular data support the possibility of human infection with Borna disease virus and support the absence of a link between BDV infection and psychiatric disorders as well as excluding it as a human pathogen. Expand
Human Borna Disease Virus Infection
TLDR
Since most of the RT-PCR products or virus isolates from brain tissue are identical in sequence to laboratory strains, one might be tempted to speculate that laboratory contaminations occurred in almost all cases of positive BDV results from human samples. Expand
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There is evidence that humans are exposed to the Borna Disease virus, and agreed gold standard tests and evidence for test specificity are lacking, but further epidemiological studies are required to establish whether there are associations with disease. Expand
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It is possible that, at least, Borna disease virus infection in schizophrenic patients may not be a nosocomial (hospital‐acquired) infection, although the route of BDV infection in humans remains unidentified. Expand
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There is a lack of association between BDV and HTLV-1 infections with psychiatric disorders among Japanese patients, and this is the first isolated human retrovirus that causes adult T-cell leukemia with neurological symptoms. Expand
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It is possible that BDV infection with induction of BDV p24 antibodies may be associated with negative syndromes in schizophrenic patients. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
A latent infection with BDV in humans leading to low antigen expression in healthy subjects and frequent reactivation events in chronically ill patients is suggested. Expand
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