High reliability virtual organizations: Co-adaptive technology and organizational structures in tsunami warning systems

@article{Grabowski2011HighRV,
  title={High reliability virtual organizations: Co-adaptive technology and organizational structures in tsunami warning systems},
  author={Martha Grabowski and Karlene H. Roberts},
  journal={ACM Trans. Comput. Hum. Interact.},
  year={2011},
  volume={18},
  pages={19:1-19:23}
}
Highly reliable organizations (HROs) are those organizations, which by nature or design, cannot or must not fail; the consequences of failure in such systems are usually catastrophic. Systems that combine the characteristics of highly reliable operations and distributed, virtual organizations are known as highly reliable virtual organizations (HRVOs)—distributed and electronically linked groups of organizations that excel in high-consequence settings. Tsunami warning systems (TWS) are one… 

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