High prevalence of nonconvulsive and subtle status epilepticus in an ICU of a tertiary care center: A three-year observational cohort study

@article{Rudin2011HighPO,
  title={High prevalence of nonconvulsive and subtle status epilepticus in an ICU of a tertiary care center: A three-year observational cohort study},
  author={Diana Rudin and Leticia Grize and Christian Schindler and Stephan C Marsch and Stephan R{\"u}egg and Raoul Sutter},
  journal={Epilepsy Research},
  year={2011},
  volume={96},
  pages={140-150}
}
BACKGROUND Status epilepticus is one of the most important neurological emergencies and requires immediate therapy and admission to the intensive care unit. We hypothesized that nonconvulsive and subtle status epilepticus are more frequent than reported. METHODS This observational cohort study describes types, courses, duration, length of hospital stay, outcome and case fatality rate of status epilepticus in adults in relation to demographic and clinical variables. It was conducted in an… 
De-novo non-convulsive status epilepticus in adult medical inpatients without known epilepsy: Analysis of mortality related factors and literature review
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The clinical characteristics, treatment regimes, and outcomes of patients with nonconvulsive status epilepticus were identified and which parameters were associated with prognosis were tried to determine.
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Frequency and Types of Complications Encountered in Patients With Nonconvulsive Status Epilepticus in the Neurological ICU: Impact on Outcome.
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Characteristics and outcome of patients with the ICU Admission diagnosis of status epilepticus in Australia and New Zealand.
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Over a 14-year period in ANZ, there have been major changes in the features, management and outcome of patients admitted to ICU with the primary admission diagnosis of SE such that their ICU mortality is now <1%.
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The recurrence of EEG seizures within two hours of initiation of CIVAD at a dose of greater than half the proposed maximal dose predicts unfavorable outcomes in NCSE after CSE, with a single predictor factor found significant after multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Does semiology of status epilepticus have an impact on treatment response and outcome?
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Status epilepticus semiology has no independent association with outcome, but potentially fatal etiology and low GCS were strong predictive factors for poor short-term outcome of SE.
The Management of Nonconvulsive Status Epilepticus in Adults
TLDR
Patients without return to baseline after cessation of clinical seizure activity should be evaluated with continuous electroencephalogram monitoring and management should include abortive therapy with benzodiazepines and concurrent loading of a non-sedating anti-seizure drug (ASD).
Associations between infections and clinical outcome parameters in status epilepticus: A retrospective 5‐year cohort study
TLDR
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and time of onset of infections during SE, as well as their association with particular SE courses, length of hospitalization, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and outcome.
Non-convulsive seizures in the encephalopathic critically ill cancer patient does not necessarily portend a poor prognosis
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NCS in critically ill cancer patients is associated with abnormalities on brain imaging and lower prevalence of organ failure, and diagnosis and treatment of NCS should be a priority in encephalopathic cancer patients, as they can have lower mortality than non-seizing patients.
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