High prevalence of breast cancer in light polluted areas in urban and rural regions of South Korea: An ecologic study on the treatment prevalence of female cancers based on National Health Insurance data

@article{Kim2015HighPO,
  title={High prevalence of breast cancer in light polluted areas in urban and rural regions of South Korea: An ecologic study on the treatment prevalence of female cancers based on National Health Insurance data},
  author={YunJeong Kim and Eunil Lee and Hyo Sun Lee and Mari Kim and Man sik Park},
  journal={Chronobiology International},
  year={2015},
  volume={32},
  pages={657 - 667}
}
It has been reported that excessive artificial light at night (ALAN) could harm human health since it disturbs the natural bio-rhythm and sleep. Such conditions can lead to various diseases, including cancer. In this study, we have evaluated the association between ALAN and prevalence rates of cancer in females on a regional basis, after adjusting for other risk factors, including obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption rates and PM10 levels. The prevalence rates for breast cancer were found to… 
High Incidence of Breast Cancer in Light-Polluted Areas with Spatial Effects in Korea.
TLDR
This study is the first to show spatial effects of light pollution on breast cancer, despite the limitations of an ecological study, and suggests that a decrease in ALAN could reduce breast cancer more than expected because of spatial effects.
The association between artificial light at night and prostate cancer in Gwangju City and South Jeolla Province of South Korea
TLDR
It is shown that a high incidence of prostate cancer may be independently associated with light pollution and urbanization, which represent significant factors in the rapid process of industrialization of South Korea.
Light and the City: Breast Cancer Risk Factors Differ Between Urban and Rural Women in Israel
TLDR
The data support the idea that indoor and outdoor nighttime light exposures differ between urban and rural women and suggest that women can influence BC risk and incidence by applying protective personal lighting habits.
Outdoor Light at Night and Breast Cancer Incidence in the Nurses’ Health Study II
TLDR
Exposure to residential outdoor light at night may contribute to invasive breast cancer risk, and an association between LAN and breast cancer appeared to be limited to women who were premenopausal at the time of a case.
Illuminating a Risk for Breast Cancer: A Preliminary Ecological Study on the Association Between Streetlight and Breast Cancer
TLDR
In situ results support the hypothesis that outdoor ALAN illumination is associated with a higher BC-SMR in a specific area and age group and suggest an outdoor light threshold of approximately 16 lux as the minimal intensity to affect melatonin levels and BC morbidity.
Outdoor artificial light at night, obesity, and sleep health: Cross-sectional analysis in the KoGES study
TLDR
The findings of this study provide epidemiological evidence that outdoor ALAN is significantly related to obesity.
Outdoor light at night at residences and breast cancer risk in Canada
TLDR
No association was found between residential outdoor LAN and breast cancer for either measure of LAN when considering interactions for menopausal status and past/current night work status, consistent with studies reporting that outdoor LAN has a small effect or no effect on breast cancer risk.
Spatial Analyses of Environmental Exposures and Breast Cancer: Natural Vegetation, Ambient Air Pollution and Outdoor Light at Night as Examples
TLDR
Environmental exposures relevant to breast cancer epidemiology such as natural vegetation/greenness, air pollutants, and outdoor light at night exposures are highlighted and epidemiologic concepts such as exposure measurement, confounding, effect modification and mediation are discussed in context with the environmental exposure.
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