High-pressure polymorphs of olivine and the 660-km seismic discontinuity.


It had long been accepted that the 400-km seismic discontinuity in the Earth's mantle results from the phase transition of (Mg,Fe)2-SiO4-olivine to its high-pressure polymorph beta-spinel (wadsleyite), and that the 660-km discontinuity results from the breakdown of the higher-pressure polymorph gamma-spinel (ringwoodite) to MgSiO3-perovskite and (Mg,Fe)O… (More)