High-intensity interval training in patients with lifestyle-induced cardiometabolic disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

@article{Weston2013HighintensityIT,
  title={High-intensity interval training in patients with lifestyle-induced cardiometabolic disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis},
  author={Kassia S. Weston and Ulrik Wisl{\o}ff and Jeff S. Coombes},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2013},
  volume={48},
  pages={1227 - 1234}
}
Background/Aim Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a strong determinant of morbidity and mortality. In athletes and the general population, it is established that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is superior to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in improving CRF. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify the efficacy and safety of HIIT compared to MICT in individuals with chronic cardiometabolic lifestyle diseases. Methods The included studies were required to… 
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TLDR
HIIT demonstrates a comparable effect with MICT to improve peak V̇O2 and peak oxygen pulse compared with UC in cancer patients and survivors, and Quantitative assessment of HIIT studies indicates good compliance.
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HIIT is safe, appears to be more effective than MICT for improving cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with CVD, and medium-interval HIIT 3 times/week for more than 12 weeks resulted in the largest improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness during CR.
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A 12-week, HIIT intervention was highly effective in increasing cardiorespiratory fitness when compared with MICT and nutrition interventions and the cardiometabolic health benefit conferred through increased CRF should be noted.
Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Overweight and Obesity Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
TLDR
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TLDR
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The Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training on Exercise Capacity and Prognosis in Heart Failure and Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
High-intensity interval training in the early stage (eight weeks or fewer) is superior to MICT and significantly improved prognostic markers, including the anaerobic threshold and LVEF in patients with CAD and HF.
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