High-intensity interval training in patients with lifestyle-induced cardiometabolic disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  title={High-intensity interval training in patients with lifestyle-induced cardiometabolic disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis},
  author={Kassia S. Weston and Ulrik Wisl{\o}ff and Jeff S. Coombes},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  pages={1227 - 1234}
Background/Aim Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a strong determinant of morbidity and mortality. In athletes and the general population, it is established that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is superior to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in improving CRF. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify the efficacy and safety of HIIT compared to MICT in individuals with chronic cardiometabolic lifestyle diseases. Methods The included studies were required to… 
High-intensity interval training improves cardiorespiratory fitness in cancer patients and survivors: A meta-analysis.
HIIT demonstrates a comparable effect with MICT to improve peak V̇O2 and peak oxygen pulse compared with UC in cancer patients and survivors, and Quantitative assessment of HIIT studies indicates good compliance.
Effects of High-Intensity Interval vs. Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
HIIT is safe, appears to be more effective than MICT for improving cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with CVD, and medium-interval HIIT 3 times/week for more than 12 weeks resulted in the largest improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness during CR.
Effects of high-intensity interval training on cardiometabolic health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies
Current evidence suggests that ST-HIIT and LT- HIIT can increase VO2 max and improve some cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight/obese populations, and indicates that HIIT demonstrated no effect on insulin, lipid profile, C reactive protein or interleukin 6 in obese populations.
Effect of High-Intensity Interval Training versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis
It is concluded that compared with endurance training, HIIT has greater improvements on cardiorespiratory fitness among children and adolescents.
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HIIT improves certain clinical aspects in people with MetS (BG, SBP, DBP and WC) compared to people withMetS who do not perform physical exercise and changes in appetite and satiety mechanisms.
Effect of High-Intensity Interval Training on Fitness, Fat Mass and Cardiometabolic Biomarkers in Children with Obesity: A Randomised Controlled Trial
A 12-week, HIIT intervention was highly effective in increasing cardiorespiratory fitness when compared with MICT and nutrition interventions and the cardiometabolic health benefit conferred through increased CRF should be noted.
Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Overweight and Obesity Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
HIIT has a positive role in promoting cardiometabolic risk factors in obese children and adolescents, and when compared with MICT, HIIT had a more significant effect on improving cardiorespiratory fitness and systolic blood pressure.
Similar cardiometabolic effects of high- and moderate-intensity training among apparently healthy inactive adults: a randomized clinical trial
Among apparently healthy physically inactive adults, HIT and MCT offer similar cardiometabolic protection against single MetS risk factors but differ in their effect on average risk factors per subject.
The Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training on Exercise Capacity and Prognosis in Heart Failure and Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
High-intensity interval training in the early stage (eight weeks or fewer) is superior to MICT and significantly improved prognostic markers, including the anaerobic threshold and LVEF in patients with CAD and HF.


Interval training for patients with coronary artery disease: a systematic review
RCTs with thorough and standardized reporting are required to determine the risk and benefits of IT in the broader cardiac patient population, and optimal IT protocols for the use in cardiac rehabilitation programmes are required.
Interval versus continuous training in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease- a systematic review
Interval training may be considered as an alternative to continuous training in patients with varying degrees of COPD severity, and did not differ in their effect on measures of exercise capacity or health-related quality of life.
Aerobic Interval Training Versus Continuous Moderate Exercise as a Treatment for the Metabolic Syndrome: A Pilot Study
Exercise intensity was an important factor for improving aerobic capacity and reversing the risk factors of the metabolic syndrome.
Superior Cardiovascular Effect of Aerobic Interval Training Versus Moderate Continuous Training in Heart Failure Patients: A Randomized Study
Exercise intensity was an important factor for reversing LV remodeling and improving aerobic capacity, endothelial function, and quality of life in patients with postinfarction heart failure.
Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women.
The protective effect of fitness held for smokers and nonsmokers, those with and without elevated cholesterol levels or elevated blood pressure, and unhealthy and healthy persons.
Aerobic interval training reduces blood pressure and improves myocardial function in hypertensive patients
This study indicates that the blood pressure reducing effect of exercise in essential hypertension is intensity dependent, and aerobic interval training is an effective method to lower blood pressure and improve other cardiovascular risk factors.
High intensity aerobic interval exercise is superior to moderate intensity exercise for increasing aerobic capacity in patients with coronary artery disease
  • Ø. Rognmo, Eva V Hetland, J. Helgerud, J. Hoff, S. Slørdahl
  • Medicine
    European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology
  • 2004
High intensity aerobic interval exercise is superior to moderate exercise for increasing VO2peak in stable CAD-patients, and may be useful in designing effective training programmes for improved health in the future.