High heritability of fingertip arch patterns in twin‐pairs

  title={High heritability of fingertip arch patterns in twin‐pairs},
  author={Terry Reed and Richard J. Viken and Shannon A Rinehart},
  journal={American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A},
The presence of an arch pattern on at least one fingertip has previously been suggested as an autosomal dominant trait with reduced penetrance, although the examination of pedigrees with this trait segregating is also consistent with major gene or multifactorial inheritance. We utilized fingerprints in 2,484 twin‐pairs to estimate heritability for the presence of at least one fingertip arch pattern. The frequency of arches in the entire sample was 4.3% (2,175/50,850), 5.5% in females and 3.2… 

Inheritance of finger pattern types in MZ and DZ twins.

Digital Dermatoglyphic Heritability Differences as Evidenced by a Female Twin Study

The heritability indexes varied in up to 8 times between different fingers and its association to ridge counts and pattern frequency was very variable between hands, evidencing that the use of dermatoglyphic traits from individual fingers as indicators of genetic influences to other human traits should consider this variability.

Three Patterns of Inheritance of Quantitative Dermatoglyphic Traits: Kosovo Albanian Twin Study

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Association between fingerprint patterns and myopia

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In conclusion, considering equal probability for each sex, likelihood ratio reveals the applicability of ridge thickness in sex inference among Hausa population.

Distribution of the minutiae in palmprints: Topological and sexual variability

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Application of likelihood ratio and posterior probability density in sex estimation from level two fingerprint features among Hausa ethnic group

BackgroundIn forensic sciences, the nature and variability of configurations of epidermal ridge minutiae has practically been explored in the evaluation and comparison of fingerprints, including



The inheritance of digital dermatoglyphic patterns in 54 American Caucasian families.

The Louisianians showed evidence for single gene effects similar to that of the Israelis, and the findings support the concept of an incompletely penetrant dominant gene.

Genetic analysis of dermatoglyphic patterns in twins.

Patterning was more genetically controlled in the hand than in the foot and the hallucal area had the most significant genetic component of the foot while the patterns in the thumb had nonsignificant components of genetic variance.

Within-pair differences in a-b ridge count asymmetry in monozygotic twins: evidence for a placental proximity effect.

Asymmetry of a-b ridge count, a dermatoglyphic trait in the second interdigital (ID II) palmar area was studied in 314 identical (MZ) twin-pairs of known placental type and showed consistent with a placental proximity effect like that known for the variability in birth weight in twins.

X inactivation as a source of behavioural differences in monozygotic female twins.

Interestingly, dizygotic twins showed the reverse pattern of correlations for similar variables, which is consistent with the X inactivation hypothesis and suggests the presence of quantitative trait loci on the X chromosome.

Evaluation of a dermatoglyphic index to detect placental type variation in MZ twins

An association of the placental type dermatoglyphic score with another variable in a group of MZ twins without any placentation information provides support for continuing to investigate prenatal effects on the associated variable.

Modelling fingerprint pattern inheritance.

The authors compare some genetic triallelic models for finger-print pattern inheritance built according to the Galton classification with reliable data, collected and classified by Alciati and Folin, of the Institute of Anthropology of the University of Padua.

Replication of asymmetry ofa−b ridge count and behavioral discordance in monozygotic twins

The results offer new evidence for the hypothesis that an asymmetrica−b ridge count may identify individuals who are poorly buffered from developmental noise, but analyses of symmetric and asymmetricb ridge counts in nontwin subjects are required to extend and test the hypothesis further.

Linkage analysis and the inheritance of arches in a Habbanite isolate.

A pedigree and linkage analysis was performed on a corrected version of the Habbanite pedigree 2 and confirmed the proposed dominant major gene inheritance of this trait with almost complete penetrance and suggests linkage with the haptoglobin locus with evidence against linkage with Pl and Rhesus.

Comparisons of dermatoglyphic patterns in monochorionic and dichorionic monozygotic twins.

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Sequential developmental components of digital dermatoglyphics.

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