High-frequency radar observations of ocean surface currents.

  title={High-frequency radar observations of ocean surface currents.},
  author={Jeffrey D. Paduan and Libe Washburn},
  journal={Annual review of marine science},
This article reviews the discovery, development, and use of high-frequency (HF) radio wave backscatter in oceanography. HF radars, as the instruments are commonly called, remotely measure ocean surface currents by exploiting a Bragg resonant backscatter phenomenon. Electromagnetic waves in the HF band (3-30 MHz) have wavelengths that are commensurate with wind-driven gravity waves on the ocean surface; the ocean waves whose wavelengths are exactly half as long as those of the broadcast radio… CONTINUE READING
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