High-frequency phase variation of Vibrio vulnificus 1003: isolation and characterization of a rugose phenotypic variant.

@article{Grau2005HighfrequencyPV,
  title={High-frequency phase variation of Vibrio vulnificus 1003: isolation and characterization of a rugose phenotypic variant.},
  author={Brenda L Grau and Margaret C. Henk and Gregg S Pettis},
  journal={Journal of bacteriology},
  year={2005},
  volume={187 7},
  pages={2519-25}
}
The marine bacterium Vibrio vulnificus is a human pathogen that can spontaneously switch between virulent opaque and avirulent translucent phenotypes. Here, we document an additional form, the rugose variant, which produces copious biofilms and which may contribute both to pathogenicity of V. vulnificus and to its survival under adverse environmental conditions.