Maspin, a member of the serpin family of protease inhibitors, has been shown to inhibit tumor growth and suppress metastasis in several malignancies, including lung cancer. Previous studies have reported that p63 and p53 control maspin expression by transactivating the promoter. The present study analyzed immunohistochemical studies to determine the expression and coexpression patterns of maspin, p63 and p53 in non-small cell lung carcinoma, specifically squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. The results showed that 83/86 cases (96.5%) of squamous cell carcinoma and 82/161 cases (50.9%) of adenocarcinoma included in this study were positive for maspin. There were 79/86 cases (91.9%) of squamous cell carcinoma and 16/161 cases (9.9%) of adenocarcinoma with positive expression for p63. In addition, 77/86 cases (89.5%) of squamous cell carcinoma and 99/161 cases (61.5%) of adenocarcinoma were positive for p53. Maspin, p63 and p53 expression were each significantly higher in squamous cell carcinoma than adenocarcinoma. Squamous cell carcinomas more highly coexpress maspin and p63, as well as maspin and p53, when compared with adenocarcinomas. The high frequency of coexpression of maspin and p63, as well as maspin and p53, in squamous cell carcinoma, suggests that p63 and p53 may be involved in the pathway to control maspin expression. Therapeutic targeting on maspin, p63 and p53 molecules might be beneficial in the management of patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the lung in the future.