High-energy colliders as black hole factories: The End of short distance physics

@article{Giddings2002HighenergyCA,
  title={High-energy colliders as black hole factories: The End of short distance physics},
  author={Steven B. Giddings and Scott D. Thomas},
  journal={Physical Review D},
  year={2002},
  volume={65},
  pages={056010}
}
If the fundamental Planck scale is of order of a TeV, as is the case in some extra-dimension scenarios, future hadron colliders such as the CERN Large Hadron Collider will be black hole factories. The nonperturbative process of black hole formation and decay by Hawking evaporation gives rise to spectacular events with up to many dozens of relatively hard jets and leptons with a characteristic ratio of hadronic to leptonic activity of roughly 5:1. The total transverse energy of such events is… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Search for Microscopic Black Hole Signatures at the Large Hadron Collider
Black holes at future colliders and beyond
One of the most dramatic consequences of low-scale (~1 TeV) quantum gravity in models with large or warped extra dimension(s) is copious production of mini-black holes at future colliders and in
Bounds on large extra dimensions from the simulation of black hole events at the LHC
A bstractIf large extra dimensions exist, the Planck scale may be as low as a TeV and microscopic black holes may be produced in high-energy particle collisions at this energy scale. We simulate
Quantum Black Holes at the LHC. Production and decay mechanisms of non-thermal microscopic black holes in particle collisions
The scale of quantum gravity could be as low as a few TeV in the existence of extra spatial dimensions or if the Planck scale runs fast due to a large number of particles in a hidden sector. One of
TOPICAL REVIEW: TeV mini black hole decay at future colliders
It is generally believed that mini black holes decay by emitting elementary particles with a black body energy spectrum. The original calculation leads to the conclusion that about the 90% of the
Interaction of a TeV scale black hole with the quark gluon plasma at CERN LHC
If the fundamental Planck scale is near a TeV, then parton collisions with high enough center-of-mass energy should produce black holes. The production rate for such black holes has been extensively
Signatures of microscopic black holes and extra dimensions at future neutrino telescopes
In scenarios with large extra dimensions (LEDs), the fundamental Planck scale can be low enough that collisions between high-energy particles may produce microscopic black holes. High-energy cosmic
Physics Beyond the Standard Model: Exotic Leptons and Black Holes at Future Colliders
The Standard Model of particle physics has been remarkably successful in describing present experimental results. However, it is assumed to be only a low-energy effective theory which will break down
Exploring higher dimensional black holes at the Large Hadron Collider
In some extra dimension theories with a TeV fundamental Planck scale, black holes could be produced in future collider experiments. Although cross sections can be large, measuring the model
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES
A Model for High Energy Scattering in Quantum Gravity
We present a model for high energy two body scattering in a quantum theory of gravity. The model is applicable for center of mass energies higher than the relevant Planck scale. At impact parameters
Black holes and sub-millimeter dimensions
Quark- and gluon-jet emission from primordial black holes. II. The emission over the black-hole lifetime.
  • MacGibbon
  • Physics
    Physical review. D, Particles and fields
  • 1991
TLDR
The emission produced over the lifetime of black holes with masses less than M*≃4-6×10 14 g is investigated by convolving the Hawking emission formulas with a Monte Carlo QCD jet code and shows little sensitivity to the uncertainties in particle-physics models.
TeV strings and collider probes of large extra dimensions
Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos, and Dvali have proposed that the fundamental gravitational scale is close to 1 TeV, and that the observed weakness of gravity at long distances is explained by the presence
Particle emission rates from a black hole. II. Massless particles from a rotating hole
The calculations of the first paper of this series (for nonrotating black holes) are extended to the emission rates of massless or nearly massless particles from a rotating hole and the consequent
Effective theories and black hole production in warped compactifications
We investigate aspects of the four-dimensional (4D) effective description of brane world scenarios based on warped compactification on anti-de Sitter space. The low-energy dynamics is described by
Black holes radiate mainly on the brane.
TLDR
It is shown that the masses of many Kaluza-Klein modes are much smaller than the Hawking temperature of the black hole, and this raises the possibility of observing Hawking radiation in future high energy colliders if there are large extra dimensions.
...
...