OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) responses to high or standard clopidogrel loading doses (LDs) differ according to CYP2C19*2 allele. BACKGROUND CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles are associated with reduced responsiveness to standard clopidogrel doses. METHODS Young post-myocardial infarction patients heterozygous (wild type [wt]/*2, n = 43) or homozygous (*2/*2, n = 8) for the CYP2C19*2 genetic variant were matched with patients not carrying the variant (wt/wt, n = 58). All patients were randomized to a 300- or 900-mg clopidogrel LD. The relative reduction in residual platelet aggregation (RR-RPA, %) and the area under the plasma concentration time curve of active metabolite from baseline to 6 h after loading (AUC(0-6)) were compared according to both LD and CYP2C19*2 carriage. RESULTS The 300-mg LD led to a gene-dose effect for RR-RPA (-65.7% ± 35.9% in wt/wt vs. -48.0% ± 38.4% in wt/*2 vs. -14.6% ± 32.4% in *2/*2; overall p value = 0.003, p = 0.03 for wt/wt versus wt/*2, p = 0.04 for wt/*2 versus *2/*2) with minor effect in *2/*2 carriers. After the 900-mg LD, the effect of the CYP2C19*2 variant on platelet inhibition was fully compensated in wt/*2 carriers but not in *2/*2 carriers (-83.6% ± 25.8% in wt/wt vs.-77.2% ± 26.9% in wt/*2 vs. -29.5% ± 26.8% in *2/*2; overall p value = 0.0003, p = 0.20 for wt/wt versus wt/*2, p < 0.001 for wt/*2 versus *2/*2). A similar pattern was observed for the active metabolite AUC(0-6) according to carriage of CYP2C19*2 for both LDs. There was a significant correlation between PK and PD responses irrespective of the LD. CONCLUSIONS Carriers of CYP2C19*2 display significantly lower responses to clopidogrel with a gene-dose effect. Clopidogrel resistance can be overcome by increasing the dose in heterozygous carriers but not in homozygous carriers. (Clopidogrel and Response Variability Investigation Study 2 [CLOVIS-2]; NCT00822666).