High angular and spectral selectivity of purple emperor (Lepidoptera: Apatura iris and A. ilia) butterfly wings.

@article{Pantelic2011HighAA,
  title={High angular and spectral selectivity of purple emperor (Lepidoptera: Apatura iris and A. ilia) butterfly wings.},
  author={Dejan V. Pantelic and Sre{\'c}ko {\'C}ur{\vc}i{\'c} and Svetlana Savi{\'c}-{\vS}evi{\'c} and Aleksandra Korac and Aleksander G. Kova{\vc}evi{\'c} and Bo{\vz}idar P. M. {\'C}ur{\vc}i{\'c} and Bojana Bokic},
  journal={Optics express},
  year={2011},
  volume={19 7},
  pages={
          5817-26
        }
}
The iridescent features of the butterfly species Apatura iris (Linnaeus, 1758) and A. ilia (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) were studied. We recognized the structural color of scales only on the dorsal side of both the fore and hind wings of males of both of the aforementioned butterfly species. The scale dimensions and microstructure were analyzed by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The optical properties were measured and it was found that the… 
Micro‐ and nanostructures of iridescent wing scales in purple emperor butterflies (Lepidoptera: Apatura ilia and A. iris)
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Coloration principles of the Great purple emperor butterfly (Sasakia charonda)
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The structure and optical properties of the elytra of Taiwanese bronze scarabs (Anomala expansa) were investigated. The elytron is composed by a scale-like texture on the surface and a repeated
Optical Lattices on Wings of Apatura Butterflies
ABSTRACT: Optical microscopy of scales from the wings of the male butterfly Apatura ilia reveals parallel fibers with a spacing of about 710 nm. These fibers, together with tiny transverse grooves,
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Structures similar to those found on butterfly wings were produced holographically on thin layers of dichromated pullulan. Light propagation and scattering is studied in these nanometre periodic
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Simulations of the UV response of this porous structure using Mie scattering theory as well as an effective approach accounting for multiple scattering indicate that these pores are responsible for the backscattering peaks observed in the UV range, in the case of beige hen eggshells.
Origin and functions of iridescent colours in hummingbirds
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It is found that the structures producing iridescence in hummingbirds are way more diverse than what the authors previously thought, and this suggests a possible role of the environment in the evolution of these colours, possibly for camouflage against predators.
Detailed simulation of structural color generation inspired by the Morpho butterfly.
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This paper presents an extensive simulation of the reflectance spectra of a simplified 2D Morpho butterfly wing model by utilizing the finite-difference time-domain method and finds that the wavelength of the reflection maximum is mainly set by the lateral dimensions of the structures.
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