High-Volume Hydraulic Fracturing and Human Health Outcomes: A Scoping Review

  title={High-Volume Hydraulic Fracturing and Human Health Outcomes: A Scoping Review},
  author={Rosemary Muir Wright and Richard D. Muma},
  journal={Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
  • R. WrightR. Muma
  • Published 1 May 2018
  • Medicine, Political Science
  • Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Objective: Examine extent of peer-reviewed literature exploring human health effects of hydraulic fracturing (HVHF). Methods: A scoping review methodology was used to examine peer-reviewed studies published from 2000 through 2017 that empirically examine direct health impacts of hydraulic fracturing. Results: Through September 2017, only 18 studies were found published in peer-reviewed journals that met our requirements for inclusion in the review. Most of these studies resulted in positive or… 

Fracturing the Prairies: An examination of small-scale, high-frequency energy development and cumulative effects management

Hydraulic fracturing is an innovative technology that has allowed for the exploitation of previously unextractable resources. The province of Saskatchewan has embraced this technology, allowing for

Critical evaluation of human health risks due to hydraulic fracturing in natural gas and petroleum production

Strong evidence supports the conclusion that frac fluids can lead to local environmental contamination and high-quality epidemiological studies are required, especially in light of recent observations of an association between childhood leukemia and multiple myeloma in the neighborhood of oil and gas production sites.

To: Eric Huber, Managing Attorney, Sierra Club Environmental Law Program

The following is an overview of the growing body of scientific evidence supporting the conclusion that significant health impacts can occur from exposure to chemicals used and released during

Preconceptional, Gestational, and Lactational Exposure to an Unconventional Oil and Gas Chemical Mixture Alters Energy Expenditure in Adult Female Mice

It is reported for the first time that developmental exposure to a mixture of 23 UOG chemicals alters energy expenditure and spontaneous activity in adult female mice.

Physiological Response of Populus balsamifera and Salix eriocephala to Salinity and Hydraulic Fracturing Wastewater: Potential for Phytoremediation Applications

Willow genotypes CAM-2 and STL-2 displayed the greatest maintenance of growth and resistance to necrotic symptoms in all trials, suggesting that these genotypes may be useful for practical application and further field study.



Investigating Links between Shale Gas Development and Health Impacts through a Community Survey Project in Pennsylvania

  • N. SteinzorW. SubraL. Sumi
  • Environmental Science
    New solutions : a journal of environmental and occupational health policy : NS
  • 2013
Self-reported survey research documenting the symptoms experienced by people living in proximity to gas facilities, coupled with environmental testing, can elucidate plausible links that warrant both response and further investigation.

Proximity to Natural Gas Wells and Reported Health Status: Results of a Household Survey in Washington County, Pennsylvania

Although the population studied was limited to households with a ground-fed water supply, proximity of natural gas wells may be associated with the prevalence of health symptoms including dermal and respiratory conditions in residents living near natural gas extraction activities.

Perinatal Outcomes and Unconventional Natural Gas Operations in Southwest Pennsylvania

The present findings further emphasize the need for larger studies, in regio-specific fashion, with more precise characterization of exposure over an extended period of time to evaluate the potential public health significance of UGD.

Unconventional Gas and Oil Drilling Is Associated with Increased Hospital Utilization Rates

Examination of association between wells and healthcare use by zip code from 2007 to 2011 in Pennsylvania suggests that UGOD wells, which dramatically increased in the past decade, were associated with increased inpatient prevalence rates within specific medical categories in Pennsylvania.

Fracking and public health: Evidence from gonorrhea incidence in the Marcellus Shale region

This work uses a quasi-natural experiment within the Marcellus shale region plus panel data estimation techniques to quantify the impact of fracking activity on local gonorrhea incidences, and finds fracking activity to be associated with an increase in Gonorrhea.

Impacts of Gas Drilling on Human and Animal Health

  • M. BambergerR. Oswald
  • Geology
    New solutions : a journal of environmental and occupational health policy : NS
  • 2012
This study involved interviews with animal owners who live near gas drilling operations to illustrate which aspects of the drilling process may lead to health problems and suggest modifications that would lessen but not eliminate impacts.

Overview of Chronic Oral Toxicity Values for Chemicals Present in Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids, Flowback, and Produced Waters.

The lack of chronic oral RfVs and OSFs for the majority of these chemicals highlights the significant knowledge gap that exists to assess the potential human health hazards associated with hydraulic fracturing.

Disclosure of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Chemical Additives: Analysis of Regulations

This work explores hydraulic fracturing exemptions from federal regulations, as well as current and future efforts to mandate chemical disclosure at the federal and state level.

Evaluation of Some Potential Chemical Exposure Risks During Flowback Operations in Unconventional Oil and Gas Extraction: Preliminary Results

Industrial hygiene sampling during flowback operations at six unconventional oil and gas extraction sites in Colorado and Wyoming during spring and summer 2013 is described.