High Stakes Instrumentalism

  title={High Stakes Instrumentalism},
  author={J. Halstead},
  journal={Ethical Theory and Moral Practice},
  • J. Halstead
  • Published 1 April 2017
  • Sociology
  • Ethical Theory and Moral Practice
In this paper, I aim to establish that, according to almost all democratic theories, instrumentalist considerations often dominate intrinsic proceduralist considerations in our decisions about whether to make extensive use of undemocratic procedures. The reason for this is that almost all democratic theorists, including philosophers commonly thought to be intrinsic proceduralists, accept ‘High Stakes Instrumentalism’ (HSI). According to HSI, we ought to use undemocratic procedures in order to… Expand
Empowering Future People by Empowering the Young
A number of recent writers have argued that the obligations of modern states to people who will exist in the future may far outstrip their obligations to their present citizens, given the vast numberExpand


Democratic Autonomy: Public Reasoning about the Ends of Policy
What would our decision-making procedures look like if they were actually guided by the much-discussed concept of "deliberative democracy"? What does rule by the people for the people entail? And howExpand
The Myth of the Rational Voter: Why Democracies Choose Bad Policies
In theory, democracy is a bulwark against socially harmful policies. In practice, however, democracies frequently adopt and maintain policies that are damaging. How can this paradox be explained? TheExpand
Democracy Is Not Intrinsically Just
In Bertolt Brecht's glorious Communist propaganda play The Caucasian Chalk Circle , a character who is a mouthpiece for the author declares that ‘things belong to people who are good for them’. InExpand
Religious Democracy and the Liberal Principle of Legitimacy
John Rawls's liberal principle of legitimacy states that the essentials of a constitution must be reasonably acceptable to all citizens.1 This principle in effect precludes the possibility of a fullyExpand
Political Legitimacy and Democracy*
The term ‘political legitimacy’ is unfortunately ambiguous. One serious source of confusion is the failure to distinguish clearly between political legitimacy and political authority and to conflateExpand
In Democratic Authority, Estlund claims not only that procedural fairness is insufficient to justify a democratic procedure but that it is not even necessary. This article reconstructs his argument,Expand
The Core of the Case Against Judicial Review
This Essay states the general case against judicial review of legislation clearly and in a way that is uncluttered by discussions of particular decisions or the history of its emergence in particularExpand
Law and Disagreement
When people disagree about justice and about individual rights, how should political decisions be made among them? How should they decide about issues like tax policy, welfare provision, criminalExpand
Sovereign Virtue: The Theory and Practice of Equality
Equality is the endangered species of political ideas. Even left-of-centre politicians reject equality as an ideal: government must combat poverty, they say, but need not strive that its citizens beExpand
Spite and Development
In a wide variety of settings, spiteful preferences would constitute an obstacle to cooperation, trade, and thus economic development. This paper shows that spiteful preferences - the desire toExpand