High-Q silicon photonic crystal cavity for enhanced optical nonlinearities

  title={High-Q silicon photonic crystal cavity for enhanced optical nonlinearities},
  author={Ulagalandha Perumal Dharanipathy and Momchil Minkov and Mario Tonin and Vincenzo Savona and Romuald Houdr'e},
  journal={Applied Physics Letters},
We fabricate and experimentally characterize an H0 photonic crystal slab nanocavity with a design optimized for maximal quality factor, Q = 1.7 × 106. The cavity, fabricated from a silicon slab, has a resonant mode at λ = 1.59 μm and a measured Q-factor of 400 000. It displays nonlinear effects, including high-contrast optical bistability, at a threshold power among the lowest ever reported for a silicon device. With a theoretical modal volume as small as V = 0.34(λ/n)3, this cavity ranks among… 

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