High Pre-Eruptive Water Contents Preserved in Lunar Melt Inclusions

@article{Hauri2011HighPW,
  title={High Pre-Eruptive Water Contents Preserved in Lunar Melt Inclusions},
  author={Erik H. Hauri and Thomas M. Weinreich and Alberto E Saal and Malcolm C. Rutherford and James A. Van Orman},
  journal={Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={333},
  pages={213 - 215}
}
Primitive magmatic melt inclusions from the Moon contain as much water as some terrestrial mid-ocean ridge magmas. The Moon has long been thought to be highly depleted in volatiles such as water, and indeed published direct measurements of water in lunar volcanic glasses have never exceeded 50 parts per million (ppm). Here, we report in situ measurements of water in lunar melt inclusions; these samples of primitive lunar magma, by virtue of being trapped within olivine crystals before volcanic… 
Hydrogen Isotopes in Lunar Volcanic Glasses and Melt Inclusions Reveal a Carbonaceous Chondrite Heritage
TLDR
Results demonstrate that lunar magmatic water has an isotopic composition that is indistinguishable from that of the bulk water in carbonaceous chondrites and similar to that of terrestrial water, implying a common origin for the water contained in the interiors of Earth and the Moon.
Using lunar apatite to assess the volatile inventory of the Moon
Lunar petrology, most notably the absense of hydrous minerals (such as micas and amphiboles) and the lack of Fe 2 O 3 , imply a low oxygen activity for the Moon. The anhydrous nature of the Moon is
A dry lunar mantle reservoir for young mare basalts of Chang’e-5
The distribution of water in the Moon’s interior carries implications for the origin of the Moon1, the crystallization of the lunar magma ocean2 and the duration of lunar volcanism2. The Chang’e-5
Water in the lunar interior
Presence and distribution of water and other volatiles in the lunar interior could have played a key role in the early evolution of the Moon. We report abundance of water along with F and Cl, in
Large sulfur isotope fractionation in lunar volcanic glasses reveals the magmatic differentiation and degassing of the Moon
TLDR
The first in situ measurements of sulfur isotope ratios dissolved in primitive volcanic glasses and olivine-hosted melt inclusions recovered from the Moon by the Apollo 15 and 17 missions reveal large variations in 34S/32S ratios, which positively correlates with sulfur and titanium contents within and between the distinct compositional groups of volcanic glasses analyzed.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Lunar apatite with terrestrial volatile abundances
TLDR
Quantitative ion microprobe measurements of late-stage apatite from lunar basalt 14053 are reported that document concentrations of H, Cl and S that are indistinguishable from apatites in common terrestrial igneous rocks, suggesting portions of the lunar mantle or crust are more volatile-rich than previously thought.
Volatile content of lunar volcanic glasses and the presence of water in the Moon’s interior
TLDR
The results indicate that, contrary to prevailing ideas, the bulk Moon might not be entirely depleted in highly volatile elements, including water, and the presence of water must be considered in models constraining the Moon’s formation and its thermal and chemical evolution.
Outgassed Water on Mars: Constraints from Melt Inclusions in SNC Meteorites
TLDR
Determination of the pre-eruptive water contents of SNC parental magmas from calculations of the solidification histories of these amphibole-bearing inclusions indicates that martian magmas commonly contained 1.4 percent water by weight, implying a wetter Mars interior than has been previously thought.
Volcanic Gas Formed During Eruption of Apollo 17 Orange Glass Magma; Evidence from Glassy Melt Inclusions and Experiments
Melt inclusions from Apollo 17 orange glass core samples (74001/2) have been studied in order to learn more about the pre-eruption melt. Small amounts of orange glass powder were heated at or near
Recycled dehydrated lithosphere observed in plume-influenced mid-ocean-ridge basalt
TLDR
It is demonstrated that basalts associated with mantle plume components containing subducted lithosphere—‘enriched-mantle’ or ‘EM-type’ basalts—contain less water than those associated with a common mantle source.
Vapour undersaturation in primitive mid-ocean-ridge basalt and the volatile content of Earth's upper mantle
TLDR
The undersaturated pre-eruptive volatile content for a suite of mid-ocean-ridge basalts from the Siqueiros intra-transform spreading centre is reported, leading to correlations between volatiles and refractory trace elements that provide new constraints on volatile abundances and their behaviour in the upper mantle.
The Chlorine Isotope Composition of the Moon and Implications for an Anhydrous Mantle
TLDR
The chlorine isotope content of lunar samples returned by the Apollo missions is found to be 25-fold greater than for rocks and minerals that have been measured from Earth and meteorites, implying that the Moon’s water content is much lower than suggested by recent studies.
...
...