High Order Nédélec Elements with local complete sequence properties


The goal of the presented work is the efficient computation of Maxwell boundary and eigenvalue problems using high order H(curl) finite elements. We discuss a systematic strategy for the realization of arbitrary order hierarchic H(curl)conforming finite elements for triangular and tetrahedral element geometries. The shape functions are classified as lowestorder Nédélec, higher-order edge-based, face-based (only in 3D) and element-based ones. Our new shape functions provide not only the global complete sequence property, but also local complete sequence properties for each edge-, face-, element-block. This local property allows an arbitrary variable choice of the polynomial degree for each edge, face, and element. A second advantage of this construction is that simple block-diagonal preconditioning gets efficient. Our high order shape functions contain gradient shape functions explicitly. In the case of a magnetostatic boundary value problem, the gradient basis functions can be skipped, which reduces the problem size, and improves the condition number. We successfully apply the new high order elements for a 3D magnetostatic boundary value problem, and a Maxwell eigenvalue problem showing severe edge and corner singularities.

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@inproceedings{Schberl2004HighON, title={High Order Nédélec Elements with local complete sequence properties}, author={Joachim Sch{\"{o}berl and Sabine Zaglmayr}, year={2004} }