High Numbers of Prosthecate Bacteria in Pulp Mill Waste Aeration Lagoons

  title={High Numbers of Prosthecate Bacteria in Pulp Mill Waste Aeration Lagoons},
  author={Patricia M. Stanley and Erling J. Ordal and James T. Staley},
  journal={Applied and Environmental Microbiology},
  pages={1007 - 1011}
Prosthecate bacteria comprised 0.6 to 10.5% of the bacterial community in samples from 11 pulp mill waste aeration lagoons. Because of their distinct morphology, the genera Ancalomicrobium, Caulobacter, Prosthecobacter, Prosthecomicrobium, Stella, and Hyphomicrobium or Hyphomonas could be identified and enumerated by direct microscopic examination. Monthly samples from one lagoon showed that several genera varied from undetectable to predominant among the appendaged organisms. Temperature… 
The Genera Prosthecomicrobium and Ancalomicrobium
Multiple-appendaged bacteria were first reported in nature when samples from soils and aquatic habitats were examined with the electron microscope and isolates of Prosthecomicrobium and AncalomicroBium have been obtained primarily from freshwater environments.
Unusual bloom of star-like prosthecate bacteria and filaments as a consequence of grazing pressure
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In seawater used for shrimp aquaculture in French Polynesia, the grazing of small bacteria allowed the growth of Ancalomicrobium cells and large filaments > 10μm in length, which are not grazed on by microflagellates, but are available for mesoplankton larvae.
Budding and prosthecate bacteria from freshwater habitats of various trophic states
Budding and prosthecate bacteria were enumerated in spring and summer by viable counting procedures in several freshwater habitats in Australia including oligotrophic lakes, a mesotrophic lake, and
Mixed acid fermentation by the budding, prosthecate, gas vacuolate bacterium Ancalomicrobium adetum
The budding, prosthecate, gas vacuolate bacterium, Ancalomicrobium adetum, ferments sugars including glucose and lactose to produce acid and gas and these two bacteria may be evolutionarily related to one another.
Diversity and structure of hyphomicrobium populations in a sewage treatment plant and its adjacent receiving lake
It was demonstrated that bacteria with nearly identical and specific morphologies and nutritional types showed a high level of genetic diversity, although they were isolated under the same conditions and from the same treatment plant or its receiving lake.
Gallertlager einer besonderen Mikroorganismengesellschaft an verbautem Grubenholz
Conspicuous gelatinous deposits found on permanently drenched pitwood planks in an old ore mine were analyzed microscopically. They contained a very characteristic microbial community consisting
An electron microscopic evaluation of bacteria inhabiting rotating biological contactor biofilms during various loading conditions
Abstract The biofilms growing in all compartments of two rotating biological contactors, subjected to various organic loading rates during treatment of municipal wastewater, were examined by
Ecology of Polyprosthecate Bacteria
This review briefly considers the biological characteristics of these bacteria and discusses in greater detail what is known about their ecological role(s).
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An organism that resembles the presently recognized type species of the genus Hyphomicrobium, H. vulgare, but with strikingly different nutritional requirements is considered; it will be considered in this manner throughout the following discussion.


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There was no consistent correlation between the frequency of prosthecate bacteria and total coliforms in the stream during the investigation.
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It is suggested that lawn density and incubation temperature are important factors in the initial isolation of phages from natural habitats.
Characterization of Two New Isolates of Mushroom-Shaped Budding Bacteria
Two new strains of mushroom-shaped budding bacteria were isolated from a pulp mill oxidation lagoon and homology studies indicated that the mushroom- shaped budding bacteria are different from the members of the presently recognized genera of budding bacteria.
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