High-Frequency Dusting Versus Conventional Holmium Laser Lithotripsy for Intrarenal and Ureteral Calculi.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION The efficiency of holmium laser lithotripsy for urolithiasis depends upon several factors, including laser pulse energy and frequency and stone composition and retropulsion. This study investigates the complex interplay between these factors and quantifies lithotripsy efficiency using different laser settings in a benchtop kidney and ureter… (More)
DOI: 10.1089/end.2016.0547

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