High Fiber Fat and Protein Contents Lead to Increased Satiety Reduced Sweet Cravings and Decreased Gastrointestinal Symptoms Independently of Anthropometric Hormonal and Metabolic Factors

  title={High Fiber Fat and Protein Contents Lead to Increased Satiety Reduced Sweet Cravings and Decreased Gastrointestinal Symptoms Independently of Anthropometric Hormonal and Metabolic Factors},
  author={Bodil Ohlsson and Gassan Darwiche and Bodil Roth and Mariette Bengtsson and Peter H{\"o}glund},
  journal={Journal of diabetes \& metabolism},
Background: Satiety and sweet craving are strongly influenced by secretion of gastrointestinal hormones, which are dependent on dietary factors. An Okinawan-based Nordic breakfast with moderately low carbohydrate content and high fat and protein contents has shown increased postprandial satiety, along with improved endocrine and metabolic profile. The primary aim of the study was to estimate the degree of satiety, sweet cravings, and gastrointestinal symptoms, during and after dietary… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Irregular Dietary Habits with a High Intake of Cereals and Sweets Are Associated with More Severe Gastrointestinal Symptoms in IBS Patients
Examining participants’ dietary habits at baseline, to correlate habits with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and blood levels of minerals and vitamins, and the effect of a starch- and sucrose-reduced diet (SSRD) on GI symptoms found decreased intake of cereals and sweets/soft drinks correlated with decreased scores.
A Starch- and Sucrose-Reduced Diet in Irritable Bowel Syndrome Leads to Lower Circulating Levels of PAI-1 and Visfatin: A Randomized Controlled Study
In the intervention group, total IBS-symptom severity score (IBS-SSS), specific gastrointestinal symptoms, psychological well-being, and the influence of intestinal symptoms on daily life were improved during the study, and weight decreased, compared with the control group.
A Dietary Intervention with Reduction of Starch and Sucrose Leads to Reduced Gastrointestinal and Extra-Intestinal Symptoms in IBS Patients
In conclusion, SSRD improves both GI and extra-intestinal symptoms in IBS, and comparisons between the groups showed decreased weight and sweet cravings, in the intervention group compared to controls.
An Okinawan-based Nordic diet improves glucose and lipid metabolism in health and type 2 diabetes, in alignment with changes in the endocrine profile, whereas zonulin levels are elevated.
  • B. Ohlsson
  • Medicine
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine
  • 2019
The Okinawan-based Nordic diet increased satiety and decreased sweet cravings, at the same time as health-related quality of life and gastrointestinal symptoms were improved, and the mechanisms governing the anthropometric and metabolic improvements appear to be mediated through alterations in the endocrine profile, yet not in the gut microbiota.
Alignments of endocrine, anthropometric, and metabolic parameters in type 2 diabetes after intervention with an Okinawa-based Nordic diet
O Okinawa-based Nordic diet in type 2 diabetes has significant impact on the endocrine profile, which correlates with anthropometric and metabolic improvements.
High Fiber Fat and Protein Contents Lead to Increased Satiety Reduced Sweet Cravings and Decreased Gastrointestinal Symptoms Independently of Anthropometric Hormonal and Metabolic Factors
Improved psychological well-being and HRQoL preceeds the reports of decreased gastrointestinal symptoms, and psychological improvement was seen during the dietary intervention, and gastrointestinal symptom reduction afterwards, with correlations between the parameters.


Increasing the number of masticatory cycles is associated with reduced appetite and altered postprandial plasma concentrations of gut hormones, insulin and glucose
It is suggested that a higher number of masticatory cycles before swallowing may provide beneficial effects on satiety and facilitate glucose absorption.
Modulation of hunger and satiety: hormones and diet
  • C. Feinle-Bisset
  • Medicine
    Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care
  • 2014
Research continues to unravel the pathways and mechanisms underlying the nutrient-induced and diet-induced regulation of energy intake, as well as the changes, both peripherally and in the central nervous system, brought about by the consumption of high-fat, energy-dense diets.
The Okinawan Diet: Health Implications of a Low-Calorie, Nutrient-Dense, Antioxidant-Rich Dietary Pattern Low in Glycemic Load
A comparison of the nutrient profiles of the three dietary patterns shows that the traditional Okinawan diet is the lowest in fat intake, particularly in terms of saturated fat, and highest in carbohydrate intake, in keeping with the very high intake of antioxidant-rich yet calorie-poor orange-yellow root vegetables, such as sweet potatoes, and green leafy vegetables.
Acute effects on metabolism and appetite profile of one meal difference in the lower range of meal frequency
In healthy, normal-weight women, decreasing the inter-meal interval sustains satiety, particularly during the day, and sustains fat oxidation, especially during the night.
The association of gastrointestinal symptoms with weight, diet, and exercise in weight-loss program participants.
Effects of intraduodenal lipid and protein on gut motility and hormone release, glycemia, appetite, and energy intake in lean men.
In lean men, despite differing effects on gut function, intraduodenal lipid and protein produce comparable reductions in energy intake and the effects of lipid may be a result of nausea.
Altered gut and adipose tissue hormones in overweight and obese individuals: cause or consequence?
The aim of this article is to review the research into the main peripheral appetite signals altered in human obesity, together with their modifications after body weight loss with diet and exercise
Physical inactivity during leisure time and irregular meals are associated with functional gastrointestinal complaints in middle-aged and elder subjects
Physical inactivity during leisure time shows independent associations with all functional gastrointestinal symptoms, whereas irregular dietary habits mainly associates with functional diarrhea.