High Blood Glucose Concentration Is a Risk Factor for Mortality in Middle-Aged Nondiabetic Men: 20-year follow-up in the Whitehall Study, the Paris Prospective Study, and the Helsinki Policemen Study

@article{Balkau1998HighBG,
  title={High Blood Glucose Concentration Is a Risk Factor for Mortality in Middle-Aged Nondiabetic Men: 20-year follow-up in the Whitehall Study, the Paris Prospective Study, and the Helsinki Policemen Study},
  author={Beverley Balkau and Martin J. Shipley and R. John Jarrett and Kalevi Py{\"o}r{\"a}l{\"a} and Marja Py{\"o}r{\"a}l{\"a} and Anne Forhan and Eveline Eschwège},
  journal={Diabetes Care},
  year={1998},
  volume={21},
  pages={360 - 367}
}
OBJECTIVE To assess the association between high but nondiabetic blood glucose levels and the risk of death from all causes, coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiovascular disease, and neoplasms. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We studied the 20-year mortality of non-diabetic, working men, age 44–55 years, in three European cohorts known as the Whitehall Study (n = 10,025), the Paris Prospective Study (n = 6,629), and the Helsinki Policeman Study (n = 631). These men were identified by their 2-h… 

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