High‐resolution phylogenetic analysis of Endomicrobia reveals multiple acquisitions of endosymbiotic lineages by termite gut flagellates

@article{Mikaelyan2017HighresolutionPA,
  title={High‐resolution phylogenetic analysis of Endomicrobia reveals multiple acquisitions of endosymbiotic lineages by termite gut flagellates},
  author={Aram Mikaelyan and Claire L. Thompson and Katja Meuser and Hao Zheng and Pinki Rani and Rudy Plarre and Andreas Brune},
  journal={Environmental Microbiology Reports},
  year={2017},
  volume={9},
  pages={477–483}
}
Bacteria of the class Endomicrobia form a deep-branching clade in the Elusimicrobia phylum. They are found almost exclusively in the intestinal tract of animals and are particularly abundant in many termites, where they reside as intracellular symbionts in the cellulolytic gut flagellates. Although small populations of putatively free-living lineages have been detected in faunated and flagellate-free hosts, the evolutionary origin of the endosymbionts is obscured by the limited amount of… 

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