Hierachical organization and postural facilitation: Rules for grooming in flies

  title={Hierachical organization and postural facilitation: Rules for grooming in flies},
  author={Richard and Marian Stamp Dawkins},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
This paper is about rules governing grooming sequences in blowflies. Time was divided ex- haustively into eight grooming and two non-grooming states. Using a keyboard connected to a com- puter, the times of all transitions between states during 1 hr were recorded for each of six flies. There is a strong tendency for certain acts to alternate with others. A model of alternating choice 'slots' and determined slots is presented. Grooming acts fall into discrete bouts, each involving either the… Expand
Grooming in crickets: Timing and hierarchical organization
Abstract The variations in structural and timing principles underlying grooming are examined in the cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus . Two situations were studied: normal grooming and grooming thatExpand
The organization of grooming in budgerigars
Evidence for hierarchical organization obtained by clustering is confirmed by the proportion of occurrence of movements in long and short bouts, which suggests that the organizational rules found here are to a large extent species-typical. Expand
Head grooming behaviour in the praying mantis
It is concluded that head grooming is a programmed, i.e. centrally organized, movement pattern responsive to peripheral feedback, involving co-ordinated movements of head and foreleg. Expand
How do flies keep clean? Head grooming in Drosophila
This descriptive study was undertaken, using frame by frame analysis of videographs to examine grooming movements in flies, choosing Drosophila because of recent interest in neural systems that control grooming. Expand
Drosophila melanogaster grooming possesses syntax with distinct rules at different temporal scales
This work identifies action order as the primary driver of probabilistic, but non-random, syntax structure, and develops a series of data-driven Markov models that isolate and identify the behavioral features governing transitions between individual grooming bouts. Expand
Sequential organization of grooming behaviors of the mosquito,Aedes triseriatus
Adult females of the mosquito Aedes triseriatus groom both to clear sensilla of obstructive matter and to clean and smooth scales on legs and wings, possibly to decrease drag during flight. Expand
The Development of Grooming and Its Expression in Adult Animals a
  • B. Sachs
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1988
Careful attention should be given to the spatiotemporal patterning of grooming, in order to reduce errors of "lumping" and "splitting" in classifying grooming acts, and also to detect alterations in the patterning when they occur. Expand
A suppression hierarchy among competing motor programs drives sequential grooming in Drosophila
The organizational principles governing how dirty fruit flies groom their bodies with sequential movements are determined using genetically targeted activation of neural subsets, and this provides the first example of an innate motor sequence implemented by the prevailing model for generating human action sequences. Expand
Induced grooming transitions and open field behaviour differ in high- and low-yawning sublines of Sprague-Dawley rats
Water immersion-induced grooming sequences and open field behaviour were studied in two sublines of Sprague-Dawley rats, Rattus norvegicus, selectively bred for high- (HY) and low-yawning (LY)Expand
Comparative Organization of Grooming Sequences in Adult and Young Sciurid Rodents
The present study is an attempt to link principles of organization of grooming sequences to environmental, ontogenetic and phylogenetic factors through a comparative study of five species of North American squirrels that occupy a variety of ecological niches and have different degrees of taxonomic relatedness and morphological similarity. Expand


Displacement grooming in the chaffinch
Abstract An attempt is made to explain displacement grooming in approach-avoidance conflict situations on the assumption that grooming is a response to peripheral stimulation. Local and generalExpand
The Courtship of Drosophila Melanogaster
It is suggested that inhibition while accumulating, interacts with excitation and it is fluctuations in the resultant 'effective excitation' which determine the courtship pattern. Expand
The evolutionary implications of qualitative variation in the grooming behaviour of the Hymenoptera (Insecta).
  • D. Farish
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Animal behaviour
  • 1972
An analysis of the grooming behaviour revealed consistent qualitative behavioural differences between virtually every super-family, and the pattern of these differences parallels an existing hymenopteran phylogeny. Expand
Normal and irrelevant toilet behaviour in Emberiza Spp.
Summary The toilet behaviour patterns of Emberiza spp. are described. The peripheral stimuli important in their causation include foreign material on the feathers, bill or legs, disarray of theExpand
Cleaning behaviour in Drosophila melanogaster
Summary A descriptive account of cleaning behaviour in D. melanogaster wild-type is given. The behaviour complex is analysed into seven leg cleaning and twenty body cleaning components. A method ofExpand
Ordering of sequences of singing behaviour of mistle thrushes in relationship to timing
Abstract Ninety-six songs of an individual Mistle Thrush from Kent were compared with thirteen, fifteen, twenty-five and thirty-one songs, respectively, from four Mistle Thrushes from Cambridge. TimeExpand
Preening of Two Tern Species. a Study On Displacement Activities
In the present paper are regarded as 'preening', besides the preening movements performed with the bill, also other movements directed to the care of the plumage, such as 'shaking', 'head-shaking'Expand
The Temporal Patterning of Courtship Behaviour in the Glandulocaudine Fishes (Ostariophysi, Characidae)
The patterns of courtship in the internally fertilizing species can be regarded as adaptations to the temporal dissociation of mating and spawning which has accompanied the development of internal fertilization. Expand
Grammar of a Movement Sequence in Inbred Mice
Hierarchical principles of organization are found by describing in detail the sequences of face grooming components in mice by solving the puzzle of how behaviour is organized. Expand
Time-Sharing as a Behavioral Phenomenon
Publisher Summary The phenomenon of time-sharing raises a number of questions concerning its functional significance. The advantages of time-sharing over other means of organizing priorities in theExpand