Hide and seek in the open sea: pelagic camouflage and visual countermeasures.

  title={Hide and seek in the open sea: pelagic camouflage and visual countermeasures.},
  author={S{\"o}nke Johnsen},
  journal={Annual review of marine science},
  • S. Johnsen
  • Published 3 January 2014
  • Art
  • Annual review of marine science
Camouflage is exceptionally challenging in pelagic environments because of their featureless nature. Thus, it is perhaps no surprise that pelagic species have evolved highly sophisticated cryptic strategies, three of which-transparency, mirrors, and counter illumination-are rare or absent in other habitats. Pelagic visual systems are equally complex, and several visual capabilities, including UV and polarization sensitivity and intraocular filters, are thought to facilitate detection of… 

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