Hide and seek: is the solitary bee Monoeca haemorrhoidalis trying to escape from its cleptoparasite Protosiris gigas (Hymenoptera, Apidae: Tapinotaspidini; Osirini)?

  title={Hide and seek: is the solitary bee Monoeca haemorrhoidalis trying to escape from its cleptoparasite Protosiris gigas (Hymenoptera, Apidae: Tapinotaspidini; Osirini)?},
  author={L{\'e}o Correia da Rocha-Filho and Gabriel A. R. Melo},
Cleptoparasites play a key ecological role by reducing their host populations. In order to study the phenological patterns of the natural enemies of the bee Monoeca haemorrhoidalis (Smith), four emergence traps were installed in two nest aggregations during the activity period of this solitary bee species. Four species of natural enemies were sampled in the emergence traps: Tetraolytta gerardi (Pic), Tetraonyx distincticollis Pic (Meloidae), Protosiris gigas Melo (Apidae), and Pseudomethoca… 
Nest sites, breeding cycle and possible cleptoparasites of Monoeca catarina Aguiar (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Tapinotaspidini) from Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil
Observations on nesting and foraging behavior and associated potential enemies fit well into the facts reported from other Monoeca species.
A study of the biology of Epicharis (Epicharoides) picta using emergence-traps
This study investigates the nesting habits of Epicharis picta in a nest aggregation located in a fragment of the Atlantic forest in Southeastern Brazil and suggests the use of emergence-traps as tools to support studies of ground-nesting bees.


Nesting biology and behavioural ecology of the solitary bee Monoeca haemorrhoidalis (Smith) and its cleptoparasite Protosiris gigas Melo (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Tapinotaspidini; Osirini)
During the nest construction activities, 27 insect species were observed at the nesting sites and the cleptoparasitic bee Protosiris gigas was one of the main causes of M. haemorrhoidalis mortality.
Nesting Biologies and Immature Stages of the Tapinotaspidine Bee Genera Monoeca and Lanthanomelissa and of Their Osirine Cleptoparasites Protosiris and Parepeolus (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apinae)
Abstract The nesting biologies of Monoeca haemorrhoidalis (Smith) and Lanthanomelissa betinae Urban (Tapinotaspidini) are described from southeastern Brazil. Both are ground nesting; the nests of the
Segregation of temporal and spatial distribution between kleptoparasites and parasitoids of the eusocial sweat bee, Lasioglossum malachurum (Hymenoptera: Halictidae, Mutillidae)
The activity of cuckoo bees was in general positively correlated with the density of open host nests (but not with the total number of nests), while that of velvet ants was rarely correlated with this factor.
Biology and Immature Stages of the Bee Tribe Tetrapediini (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
The immatures of Coelioxoides and Tetrapedia are quite distinct from those of other known apids and by this study are quite different from one another based on features of the eggs, first instars, and pupae.
Escape from parasitism: spatial and temporal strategies of a sphecid wasp against a specialised cuckoo wasp
In the study population aggregated nesting did not reduce parasitism but minimised total mortality, which might be a flexible response of beewolves to the presence of chrysidids.
Field behavior of parasitic Coelioxys chichimeca (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) toward the host bee Centris bicornuta (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
The behavior of this parasitic bee towards one of the more common host bee, Centris (Heterocentris) bicornuta, was studied and found that female parasites would briefly hover in front of vials that contained pollen, but would land nearby when the vial contained nectar.
Host location and exploitation by the cleptoparasitic wasp Argochrysis armilla: the role of learning (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae)
SummaryThe nesting behaviors of many solitary ground-nesting wasps incorporate temporal barriers against would-be cleptoparasites. Nests being excavated are conspicuous but relatively invulnerable to
Behaviorally mediated spatial and temporal refuges from a cleptoparasite, Argochrysis armilla (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae), attacking a ground-nesting wasp, Ammophila dysmica (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae)
The dependence of results on species-specific aspects of the parasite's foraging strategy and the host's defensive strategy suggests, however, that different parasite species may generate qualitatively different selection pressures, potentially contributing to the diversity of nesting behavior in the Hymenoptera.
Parasitic Behavior of Exaerete smaragdina with Descriptions of Its Mature Oocyte and Larval Instars (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini)
Evidence suggests that the cleptoparasite's sting usually kills the host egg (or possibly first instar) and that the second instar is capable of killing thehost egg and the eggs (or young larvae) of other cleptoarasites in instances of multiple parasitism.
Strategy for sneaking into a host's home: The cuckoo wasp Omalus biaccinctus (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae) inserts its eggs into living aphids that are the prey of its host
It is concluded that O. biaccinctus "hitch-hikes" into a host's brood cell concealed in the aphid prey collected by the host wasp and the adult parasites do not need to enter the nest of their host in order to lay their eggs.