Hidden patterns in combined and adaptive knowledge networks

  title={Hidden patterns in combined and adaptive knowledge networks},
  author={Bart Kosko},
  journal={Int. J. Approx. Reasoning},
Uncertain causal knowledge is stored in fuzzy cognitive maps (FCMs). FCMs are fuzzy signed digraphs with feedback. The sign (+ or ) of FCM edges indicates causal increase or causal decrease. The fuzzy degree of causality is indicated by a number in [ 1, 1]. FCMs learn by modifying their causal connections in sign and magnitude, structurally analogous to the way in which neural networks learn. An appropriate causal learning law for inductively inferring FCMs from time-series data is the… CONTINUE READING
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