Hidden health costs of pesticide use in Zimbabwe's smallholder cotton growers.

  title={Hidden health costs of pesticide use in Zimbabwe's smallholder cotton growers.},
  author={Blessing Mukabeta Maumbe and Scott M. Swinton},
  journal={Social science & medicine},
  volume={57 9},
Balancing the numerous benefits that may accrue from pesticide use on cotton, farmers face health hazards. Pesticide-induced acute symptoms significantly increased the cost-of-illness in a survey of 280 smallholder cotton growers in two districts of Zimbabwe. Cotton growers lost a mean of 180 Zimbabwe dollars in Sanyati and 316 Zimbabwe dollars per year in Chipinge on pesticide-related direct and indirect acute health effects. These values are equivalent to 45% and 83% of annual household… CONTINUE READING

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