Hiccups as a myocardial ischemia symptom.

@article{Krysiak2008HiccupsAA,
  title={Hiccups as a myocardial ischemia symptom.},
  author={Waldemar Krysiak and S. Szabowski and Marta Stępień and Katarzyna Krzywkowska and Artur Krzywkowski and Piotr Marciniak},
  journal={Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej},
  year={2008},
  volume={118 3},
  pages={
          148-51
        }
}
A hiccup is involuntary, paroxysmal inspiratory movements of the chest wall associated with diaphragm and accessory respiratory muscle contractions, with the synchronized closure of glottis. The mechanism underlying this common primitive reflex plays an important role in protecting airways against esophageal aspiration. The hiccup reflex mechanism is based on the afferent pathway (vagus and phrenic nerve and sympathetic fibers innervating chest organs, the abdomen, the ear, the nose and the… 

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