Heuristics, Interactions, and Status Hierarchies

  title={Heuristics, Interactions, and Status Hierarchies},
  author={Gianluca Manzo and Delia Baldassarri},
  journal={Sociological Methods \& Research},
  pages={329 - 387}
Since Merton’s classical analysis of cumulative advantage in science, it has been observed that status hierarchies display a sizable disconnect between actors’ quality and rank and that they become increasingly asymmetric over time, without, however, turning into winner-take-all structures. In recent years, formal models of status hierarchies tried to account for these facts by combining two micro-level, counterbalancing mechanisms: “social influence” (supposedly driving inequality) and the… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

How dominance hierarchies emerge from conflict: A game theoretic model and experimental evidence.
A game theoretic model of conflict is developed and empirically test its predictions to study the emergence of social hierarchies in small groups and finds that conflict produces information about actors' ability, which reduces subsequent conflict. Expand
Hierarchies in Motion : Towards a Dynamic Account of Status Change �
Theories of status hierarchy dynamics generally build on models of status hierarchy emergence, tracing which status behaviors lead to status di erences. However, these models are not consistent withExpand
Why is the Pack Persuasive? The Effect of Choice Status on Perceptions of Quality
The logic of social proof and related arguments posits that decision makers interpret an actor’s sociometric position (such as popularity) as a signal for quality, especially when quality itself isExpand
When does reputation lie? Dynamic feedbacks between costly signals, social capital and social prominence
These findings bridge the signalling theory tradition prominent in behavioural ecology, anthropology and economics with the work on status hierarchies in sociology, and shed light on the complex ways in which individuals make inferences about others. Expand
Self-Correcting Dynamics in Social Influence Processes1
Social influence may lead individuals to choose what is popular over what is best. Whenever this happens, it further increases the popularity advantage of the inferior choice, compelling subsequentExpand
Agent‐based models in sociology
This article looks at 20 years of applications of agent-based models (ABMs) in sociology and, in particular, their explanatory achievements and methodological insights. These applications have helpedExpand
Cumulative (Dis)Advantage and the Matthew Effect in Life-Course Analysis
The Matthew mechanism is a better name for the phenomenon, where it is argued that cumulative (dis)advantage is an intra-individual micro-level phenomenon, and an appropriate measure of the Matthew effect focuses on the mechanism or dynamic process that generates inequality. Expand
Can gender inequality be created without inter-group discrimination?
Without prejudice, stereotypes, segregation, or categorization, this model produces inter-group inequality of self-esteem and status that is stable, consensual, and exhibits characteristics of glass ceiling effects. Expand
Diffusing through Disciplines: Insiders, Outsiders, and Socially Influenced Citation Behavior
A basic premise of diffusion theories is that actors vary in their susceptibility to social influence and yet little is known about the nature and consequences of such heterogeneity in specificExpand
Using Ego Network Data to Inform Agent-based Models of Diffusion
Empirical network sampling in ABMs of cultural diffusion suggests that ego network sampling can, in fact, offer a practical means of incorporating empirical data into an agent-based model. Expand


The Origins of Status Hierarchies: A Formal Theory and Empirical Test1
This article offers a formal theoretical model of the emergence of hierarchy that bridges the division between individualistic and structuralist accounts of inequality. In the model, actors reproduceExpand
The evolution of prestige: freely conferred deference as a mechanism for enhancing the benefits of cultural transmission.
  • J. Henrich, F. Gil-White
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Evolution and human behavior : official journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
  • 2001
It is argued that a wider range of phenomena associated with prestige processes can more plausibly be explained by this simple theory than by others, and its predictions are tested with data from throughout the social sciences. Expand
When Do Matthew Effects Occur?
What are the boundary conditions of the Matthew Effect? In other words, under what circumstances do initial status differences result in highly skewed reward distributions over the long run, andExpand
behavioral, and intrapersonal characteristics. Homophily limits people's social worlds in a way that has powerful implications for the infor- mation they receive, the attitudes they form, and theExpand
The Matthew Effect: How Advantage Begets Further Advantage
The old saying does often seem to hold true: the rich get richer while the poor get poorer, creating a widening gap between those who have more and those who have less. The sociologist Robert K.Expand
Dominance orders in animal societies: The self-organization hypothesis revisited
It is shown that it is impossible to distinguish this assumption from a competing assumption based on preexisting differences among individuals, and proposed experiments to help discriminate between the two assumptions and their corresponding models—the self-organization model and the correlational model. Expand
Beyond Rationality in Models of Choice
There is increasing sociological interest in formal models of action driven by a calculus of expected utility. We believe these efforts to extend microeconomic models to extraeconomic exchange canExpand
Formation and Stabilization of Vertical Hierarchies among Adolescents: Towards a Quantitative Ethology of Dominance among Humans
Social psychological investigations of hierarchy formation have been almost entirely confined to the case of task-oriented groups and hence have produced theories that turn on the existence of such aExpand
Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks
Similarity breeds connection. This principle—the homophily principle—structures network ties of every type, including marriage, friendship, work, advice, support, information transfer, exchange,Expand
Status Hierarchies and the Organization of Collective Action
Most work on collective action assumes that group members are undifferentiated by status, or standing, in the group. Yet such undifferentiated groups are rare, if they exist at all. Here we extend anExpand