Heuristic, Methodology or Logic of Discovery? Lakatos on Patterns of Thinking

  title={Heuristic, Methodology or Logic of Discovery? Lakatos on Patterns of Thinking},
  author={Olga Kiss},
  journal={Perspectives on Science},
  • O. Kiss
  • Published 11 December 2006
  • Philosophy
  • Perspectives on Science
Heuristic is a central concept of Lakatos' philosophy both in his early works and in his later work, the methodology of scientific research programs (MSRP). The term itself, however, went through significant change of meaning. In this paper I study this change and the metaphysical commitments behind it. In order to do so, I turn to his mathematical heuristic elaborated in Proofs and Refutations. I aim to show the dialogical character of mathematical knowledge in his account, which can open a… 


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  • I. Lakatos
  • Mathematics
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 1963
Introduction § 1. A Problem and a Conjecture. §2. A Proof. § 3. Criticism of the Proof by Counterexamples which are Local but not Global. § 4. Criticism of the Conjecture by Global Counterexamples.

Einstein's Revolution: A Study In Heuristic

The author applies the methodology of scientific research programmes to the origins of relativity, showing how Eddington, Lorentz, Poincare, Planck and Weyl were driven by mathematical heuristics to