Heterogeneous response to preventive sheep husbandry during wolf recolonization of the French Alps

  title={Heterogeneous response to preventive sheep husbandry during wolf recolonization of the French Alps},
  author={Nathalie Espuno and Beno{\^i}t Lequette and Marie-Lazarine Poulle and Pierre Migot and Jean‐Dominique Lebreton},
Abstract Recolonization by wolves (Canis lupus) of areas of extensive sheep breeding in the French Alps in the early 1990s led to intense conflicts over losses of domestic livestock. [] Key Method We used data on depredations and sheep herd management from 45 pastures of the Mercantour Mountains of the French Alps to build models of attack and kill rates and to quantify the efficiency of using livestock-guarding dogs and of gathering or confining herds at night to prevent damage. Efficiency of livestock…

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