Hermaphroditism in fishes: an annotated list of species, phylogeny, and mating system

@article{Kuwamura2020HermaphroditismIF,
  title={Hermaphroditism in fishes: an annotated list of species, phylogeny, and mating system},
  author={Tetsuo Kuwamura and Tomoki Sunobe and Yoichi Sakai and Tatsuru Kadota and Kota Sawada},
  journal={Ichthyological Research},
  year={2020},
  volume={67},
  pages={341-360}
}
Fewer than 1% of vertebrate species are hermaphroditic, and essentially all of these are fishes. Four types of hermaphroditism are known in fishes: simultaneous (or synchronous) hermaphroditism (SH), protandry (male-to-female sex change; PA), protogyny (female-to-male sex change; PG), and bidirectional sex change (BS or reversed sex change in protogynous species). Here we present an annotated list of hermaphroditic fish species from a comprehensive review and careful re-examination of all… Expand

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