Hermanus Matroos, aka Ngxukumeshe: a life on the border

  title={Hermanus Matroos, aka Ngxukumeshe: a life on the border},
  author={Robert P. Ross},
Hermanus Matroos, also known as Ngxukumeshe,1 was born, probably in the last decade of the eighteenth century, presumably somewhere in western Xhosaland.2 He died on 7 January 1851, shot dead in the streets of Fort Beaufort while leading an abortive attack on the town at the beginning of what came to be known as Mlanjeni's war. He lived his life in the first half of the nineteenth century on the increasingly well-defined border between the Cape Colony and Xhosaland, and he was a well-known and… CONTINUE READING