Heritability of life satisfaction in adults: a twin-family study

  title={Heritability of life satisfaction in adults: a twin-family study},
  author={Janine H. Stubbe and Danielle Posthuma and Dorret I. Boomsma and Eco J. C. de Geus},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  pages={1581 - 1588}
Background. Subjective well-being (SWB) can be partitioned into the components life satisfaction and affect. Research on factors influencing these components of well-being has mainly focused on environmental characteristics. The aim of this study was to investigate the relative contribution of genes and environment to individual differences in life satisfaction in a large sample of Dutch twins and their singleton siblings. Method. Life satisfaction of 5668 subjects registered with The… 

Psychological well-being (PWB): a natural life outlook? An Italian twin study on heritability of PWB in young adults

A twin analysis of PWB measured by the Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being found that both genes and non-shared environment play a role in individual differences.

Born to be Happy? The Etiology of Subjective Well-Being

The clustering of the four different measures (quality of life in general, satisfaction with life, quality of life at present, and subjective happiness) was explained by an underlying additive genetic factor and an underlying non-additive genetic factor that was not moderated by either age or sex.


An expansion of the mental health research at the end of the 20th century largely places well-being in the focus of interest of contemporary psychological science. However, the state of the art

Human Optimal Functioning: The Genetics of Positive Orientation Towards Self, Life, and the Future

Multivariate genetic modeling showed that genes influencing self-esteem, life satisfaction, and optimism are largely overlapping, and suggested that a sizeable amount of variance in the traits may be explained by environmental effects specific to each of them.

Genetics of Wellbeing and Its Components Satisfaction with Life, Happiness, and Quality of Life: A Review and Meta-analysis of Heritability Studies

A more robust estimate of the relative influence of genetic effects on wellbeing is provided using a sample size weighted average heritability analysis of 30 twin-family studies on wellbeing and satisfaction with life.

Genetic and Environmental Multidimensionality of Well- and Ill-Being in Middle Aged Twin Men

Results indicate that well-being is genetically and environmentally multidimensional and that ill-being has partial overlap with both latent factors.


The long-term stability of subjective wellbeing has directed an attention to stable dispositions as the probable source of individual differences in the satisfaction with life (SWL). The main

Well-being and ill-being: shared environments, shared genes?

The nature of the associations between life satisfaction, anxiety, and depression remains elusive. Using questionnaire data from a large population-based sample (N = 6326) of young adult Norwegian

The role of siblings in the process of forming life satisfaction among young adults – moderating function of gender

The main aim of the study was to explore the relationship between life satisfaction and sibling bond quality, with gender playing a moderating role. The sample consisted of 276 young adults with a



Age Differences in the Etiology of the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Self-Rated Health

This study explores age differences in the genetic and environmental influences that may mediate the relationship between life satisfaction and self-rated health. The participants are from the

Happiness and health: environmental and genetic contributions to the relationship between subjective well-being, perceived health, and somatic illness.

Results support a differentiated view of SWB-health relations, and imply that both genes and environment play important roles in the associations between well-being and health.

Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem.

It was found that life satisfaction and self-esteem were clearly discriminable constructs and financial satisfaction was a stronger correlate of life satisfaction in poorer countries.

Environmental and dispositional influences on well-being: longitudinal follow-up of an American national sample.

The present study contributes to recent literature showing that stable individual differences are more useful than life circumstances in predicting well-being, and points out the need for caution in interpreting well- Being scores as indices of the quality of life.

Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale

The Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) was developed to assess satis-faction with the respondent’s life as a whole. The scale does not assess satisfaction with life domains such as health or

Personality similarity in twins reared apart and together.

The overall contribution of a common family-environment component was small and negligible for all but 2 of the 14 personality measures and evidence of significant nonadditive genetic effects, possibly emergenic (epistatic) in nature, was obtained for 3 of the measures.

Still participating after all these years: a study of life task participation in later life.

The authors examined in 618 older Americans the extent to which individual levels of life satisfaction were connected to participation in the shared tasks of late adulthood (e.g., community service and social life participation), and found social life Participation was particularly important for retirees in predicting life satisfaction.

Netherlands Twin Register: A Focus on Longitudinal Research

The Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) began by recruiting young twins and multiples a few weeks or months after birth in 1986 and is currently over 60,000, with around 50% of all newborn multiples registered in The Netherlands.