Heredity, Environment, and School Achievement

  title={Heredity, Environment, and School Achievement},
  author={Robert C. Nichols},
  journal={Measurement and Evaluation in Guidance},
  • R. Nichols
  • Published 1 July 1968
  • Education
  • Measurement and Evaluation in Guidance
Johnny is brighter than Billy. He seems to learn more easily, he does better in school, and he scores higher on tests of ability and school achievement. A natural response to such an everyday observation is to ask, “What treatment has Johnny hadthat Billy has missed? Perhaps if we give Billy these advantages his behavior will become more like Johnny’s.” This same comparison is frequently made between students in different school systems, differentracial or ethnic groups, different states and… 
5 Citations

Tables from this paper

Superior Students: Family Size, Birth Order and Intellectual Ability

Charles J. Pulvino & Paul E. Lupton University of Minnesota In the past decade the scores of students participating in the American College Testing Program have declined at an average annual rate of


Two samples of National Merit Scholarship participants tested in 1962 and the entire population of almost 800,000 participants tested in 1965 were examined. Consistent effects in all three groups

Bibliography and index

Alfred Adler" stressed many years ago the importance of family size, sex of siblings, and birth order as part of his personality theory. In recent years research into the correlates of birth order

In what kinds of familial configurations do inner-city high school freshmen

An ethnographic study assessed the family constellations of ninth graders in an urban public school through cluster analysis. Survey data were collected from a random sample of 120 high school



Developmental studies of parent-child resemblance in intelligence.

Comparing the age changes in the correlations which occur among children reared by their own parents in contrast to those reared apart from their parents is evaluated.

Genetic Studies of Genius

IT is only when one studies a vast American work like this-which in its first two volumes covers more than 1500 pages, with still more volumes to come-that one realises that America is not Europe,

Animal Studies on Developmental Determinants of Behavioral Adaptability

The purpose of this chapter is to attempt to specify some of the determining variables which, when administered to animals in early life, have been found to be effective in modifying later behavioral

"Productivity" of Undergraduate Institutions

It was found that a college's actual Ph.D. output can be predicted relatively accurately from an "expected" output based on the sex, major fields, and intelligence level of its students.

Genetics and Intelligence: A Review

A survey of the literature of the past 50 years reveals remarkable consistency in the accumulated data relating mental functioning to genetic potentials. Intragroup resemblance in intellectual

Birth order and its sequelae.

It is suggested that filamentary structures with a characteristic thickness of 103 to 10' km, extending out from the sun to at least 60 solar radii, may exist as far from the earth's orbit as the sun's orbit.

Birth order andits sequelae

  • Science,
  • 1966

Six monthslater: a comparison of children who had Head Start, summer 1965, with their classmates in kindergarten

  • Final Report of Project