Herbert Spencer and the Disunity of the Social Organism

@article{Elwick2003HerbertSA,
  title={Herbert Spencer and the Disunity of the Social Organism},
  author={James Elwick},
  journal={History of Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={41},
  pages={35 - 72}
}
Herbert Spencer considere les organismes comme une assemblee de differentes parties unitaires, independantes les unes des autres et ayant chacune leur propre fonctionnement. Il associe ainsi les organismes a des societes 

Figures from this paper

Social Solidarity and Herbert Spencer: Not the Oxymoron That Might Be Assumed
  • J. Offer
  • Medicine, Sociology
  • Front. Sociol.
  • 2019
TLDR
This article attempts to retrieve important aspects of Spencer's sociology from the general neglect and misrepresentation and repositions key aspects of it as not alien, quaint and a spent force, but ontologically challenging and possibly prescient for debates about the meaning of “the social” today. Expand
New Bottles for New Wine: Julian Huxley, Biology and Sociology in Britain:
Although sociologists in Britain have debated the nature of their field's relationship with biology since the late nineteenth century, interest in the full range of responses has only grown in rece...
Intimate Ecologies: Symbioses in the Nineteenth Century
  • J. Samyn
  • Art
  • Victorian Literature and Culture
  • 2020
Studies of symbiosis have been instrumental in recent thinking about bodies and ecologies as open systems. But even before the invention of symbiosis toward the end of the nineteenth century,Expand
The myth of Frederic Clements’s mutualistic organicism, or: on the necessity to distinguish different concepts of organicism
  • Thomas Kirchhoff
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • History and philosophy of the life sciences
  • 2020
TLDR
This paper will object to this standard interpretation of Frederic Clements’s theory of plant communities, which interprets plant communities as top-down control-hierarchical entities, in which subordinate species depend on dominant species—but not the other way around. Expand
A new reading of Spencer on ‘society’, ‘organicism’ and ‘spontaneous order’
Herbert Spencer represented societies as ‘social organisms’, but he also interpreted social life as a ‘spontaneous order’. This new reading of Spencer argues that these positions are notExpand
New Bottles for New Wine: Julian Huxley, Biology and Sociology in Britain
Although sociologists in Britain have debated the nature of their field's relationship with biology since the late nineteenth century, interest in the full range of responses has only grown in recentExpand
Social Affi nity Flow Theory: A New Understanding of Both Human Interaction and the Power of the Bahá’í Training Institute Process
This article presents a new theoretical construct, Social Affi nity Flow Theory (SAFT), which both describes and predicts fl ow phenomena across a diversity of human social systems and is foundedExpand
War or Peace? Huxley and Kropotkin’s Battle Over the Design of Virtue
Before Darwin, the devout believed that morality was infused from above on the Sixth Day, religious skeptics that it had been born with philosophy. But could the moral order have other origins? CouldExpand
Do Metaphors Evolve? The Case of the Social Organism
Abstract A long line of philosophers and social scientists have defended and extended the curious idea that collective entities - states and societies, cities and corporations - are biologicalExpand
List of Publications on the Economic and Social History of Great Britain and Ireland Published in 2003
(The place of publication is London and the date 2003 unless otherwise stated.)
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 158 REFERENCES
Herbert Spencer: Individualist or Organicist?
It has long been assumed by political theorists that there are two opposed characterizations of the state. One is expressed by the individualistic school of thought, in which the individual isExpand
The Age of Atonement: The Influence of Evangelicalism on Social and Economic Thought, 1795-1865.
Part One: Religious and Economic Thought Part Two: The Content of Evangelical Social Thought Part Three: After the Age of Atonement
Spencer and the Liberal Idea of Community
As the originator of the term, "survival of the fittest," Herbert Spencer has come to symbolize the harsh excesses of the liberal state. This unflattering portrait emanates from two sources. First,Expand
Methodism and politics in British society, 1750-1850
1. Introduction 2. The Wesleyan Heritage 3. The 1790s: A Decade of Crises 4. Conservatism Through Conflict, 1800-20 5. Roman Catholic Emancipation, 1790-1830 6. Educational Politics
From Comte to Benjamin Kidd: The Appeal to Biology or Evolution for Human Guidance
TLDR
This series explores the editing and interpretation of religious texts, the history of religious ideas and institutions, and not least the encounter between religion and science. Expand
The age of atonement : the influence of evangelicalism on social and economic thought, 1795-1865
This book examines the mentality of the upper and middle classes during the first half of the nineteenth century. This was an age obsessed by the idea of catastrophe; by wars, famines, pestilences,Expand
Making up People
This paper is an account of the co-construction of categorical identity and personal identity among human beings. As people recognize themselves within a socially sanctioned categorical scheme, theyExpand
Huxley: From Devil's Disciple To Evolution's High Priest
The acclaimed two-volume biography of Huxley comes in one-volume and in paperback for the first time. 'Among historians of 19th-century British science, Adrian Desmond reigns as the current master ofExpand
The Life and Letters of Herbert Spencer
IT is not long since we had Mr. Herbert Spencer's voluminous “Autobiography,” and now we have his “Life and Letters“—a labour of love executed with marked success by Dr. David Duncan, who was for aExpand
The Social Organism
IN the last few years science has thrown her searchlight upon social physics, making amazing discoveries. She shows that there are laws underlying social physics as immutable as those she hasExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...