Herbert Spencer and the Disunity of the Social Organism

@article{Elwick2003HerbertSA,
  title={Herbert Spencer and the Disunity of the Social Organism},
  author={James Elwick},
  journal={History of Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={41},
  pages={35 - 72}
}
  • James Elwick
  • Published 1 March 2003
  • Sociology
  • History of Science
Herbert Spencer considere les organismes comme une assemblee de differentes parties unitaires, independantes les unes des autres et ayant chacune leur propre fonctionnement. Il associe ainsi les organismes a des societes 

Figures from this paper

Social Solidarity and Herbert Spencer: Not the Oxymoron That Might Be Assumed

This article attempts to retrieve important aspects of Spencer's sociology from the general neglect and misrepresentation and repositions key aspects of it as not alien, quaint and a spent force, but ontologically challenging and possibly prescient for debates about the meaning of “the social” today.

Biopolitica ed ecologia

  • A. Angelini
  • Sociology
    Premio Ricerca «Città di Firenze»
  • 2021
One of the core issues in Michel Foucault’s and Georges Canguilhem’s works is the study of the epistemological status and political functioning of biological discourse, explored in its fully

New Bottles for New Wine: Julian Huxley, Biology and Sociology in Britain:

Although sociologists in Britain have debated the nature of their field's relationship with biology since the late nineteenth century, interest in the full range of responses has only grown in rece...

Intimate Ecologies: Symbioses in the Nineteenth Century

  • J. Samyn
  • Art
    Victorian Literature and Culture
  • 2020
Studies of symbiosis have been instrumental in recent thinking about bodies and ecologies as open systems. But even before the invention of symbiosis toward the end of the nineteenth century,

The myth of Frederic Clements’s mutualistic organicism, or: on the necessity to distinguish different concepts of organicism

  • Thomas Kirchhoff
  • Environmental Science
    History and philosophy of the life sciences
  • 2020
This paper will object to this standard interpretation of Frederic Clements’s theory of plant communities, which interprets plant communities as top-down control-hierarchical entities, in which subordinate species depend on dominant species—but not the other way around.

A new reading of Spencer on ‘society’, ‘organicism’ and ‘spontaneous order’

Herbert Spencer represented societies as ‘social organisms’, but he also interpreted social life as a ‘spontaneous order’. This new reading of Spencer argues that these positions are not

Social Affi nity Flow Theory: A New Understanding of Both Human Interaction and the Power of the Bahá’í Training Institute Process

This article presents a new theoretical construct, Social Affi nity Flow Theory (SAFT), which both describes and predicts fl ow phenomena across a diversity of human social systems and is founded

War or Peace? Huxley and Kropotkin’s Battle Over the Design of Virtue

Before Darwin, the devout believed that morality was infused from above on the Sixth Day, religious skeptics that it had been born with philosophy. But could the moral order have other origins? Could

Do Metaphors Evolve? The Case of the Social Organism

Abstract A long line of philosophers and social scientists have defended and extended the curious idea that collective entities - states and societies, cities and corporations - are biological

List of Publications on the Economic and Social History of Great Britain and Ireland Published in 2003

(The place of publication is London and the date 2003 unless otherwise stated.)

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 156 REFERENCES

Herbert Spencer: Individualist or Organicist?

It has long been assumed by political theorists that there are two opposed characterizations of the state. One is expressed by the individualistic school of thought, in which the individual is

The Age of Atonement: The Influence of Evangelicalism on Social and Economic Thought, 1795-1865.

Part One: Religious and Economic Thought Part Two: The Content of Evangelical Social Thought Part Three: After the Age of Atonement

Spencer and the Liberal Idea of Community

As the originator of the term, “survival of the fittest,” Herbert Spencer has come to symbolize the harsh excesses of the liberal state. This unflattering portrait emanates from two sources. First,

Methodism and politics in British society, 1750-1850

1. Introduction 2. The Wesleyan Heritage 3. The 1790s: A Decade of Crises 4. Conservatism Through Conflict, 1800-20 5. Roman Catholic Emancipation, 1790-1830 6. Educational Politics

From Comte to Benjamin Kidd: The Appeal to Biology or Evolution for Human Guidance

This series explores the editing and interpretation of religious texts, the history of religious ideas and institutions, and not least the encounter between religion and science.

The age of atonement : the influence of evangelicalism on social and economic thought, 1795-1865

This book examines the mentality of the upper and middle classes during the first half of the nineteenth century. This was an age obsessed by the idea of catastrophe; by wars, famines, pestilences,

Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945: Nature as Model and Nature as Threat

Acknowledgements Part I. Defining Social Darwinism: Introduction: the identity of Social Darwinism 1. Defining Social Darwinism 2. The distinctiveness of Social Darwinism Part II. Pioneers: 3. The

Making up People

This paper is an account of the co-construction of categorical identity and personal identity among human beings. As people recognize themselves within a socially sanctioned categorical scheme, they

Huxley: From Devil's Disciple To Evolution's High Priest

The acclaimed two-volume biography of Huxley comes in one-volume and in paperback for the first time. 'Among historians of 19th-century British science, Adrian Desmond reigns as the current master of

The Life and Letters of Herbert Spencer

IT is not long since we had Mr. Herbert Spencer's voluminous “Autobiography,” and now we have his “Life and Letters“—a labour of love executed with marked success by Dr. David Duncan, who was for a
...